PPACA Essay

1172 Words 5 Pages
Coverage to Healthcare Before the Implementation to
Access and Insurance of the PPACA Prior to the implementation of the access to healthcare, various cultures viewed mental illness as a form of punishment or those who were possessed. In the 1970s, a momentous social movement for the civil rights for mental illness developed with a demand in an array of new services and rights (Mechanic, 2016). Mental health issues were widespread in that a vast majority of all homeless people became mentally ill due to inadequate housing and care. Negative dispositions towards people with dysfunctional behavior lead to a stigmatization of mental illness that led to confinement. Americans threw people with mental illness in jail so they did not have to think
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According to Barry et al. (2011), the enactment of the MHPAE Act in 2008 improved insurance coverage for mental health and addiction treatment. Manseau’s (2014) discovered that before the PPACA, the total annual prevalence rate for physician visitation for mental health-related were 197 visits per 1,000 population for non-Hispanic whites, 118 for non- Hispanic blacks, 114 for Hispanics, and 90 for non-Hispanic others. Disorders and any disability were heavily degraded in history, and it is only recently that people have become more accepting of all disabilities. Additionally, Manseau’s (2014) observed that the total annual prevalence rate for psychiatric visits were 121 visits per 1,000 population for non-Hispanic whites, 57 for non-Hispanic African Americans, 56 for Hispanics, and 51 for non-Hispanic others. One-half of outpatient individuals treated for depression obtain a single counseling or psychotherapy visitation (Mechanic, 2016). According to Lo & Cheng’s (2014), research conducted from 1997 to 2011, described the changes over time in the prevalence of chronic mental illness among US adults. Serious mental illness was greater in minority groups than among Caucasians with a disparity in the lack of treatment for illnesses. Before the PPACA, there were racial-ethnic differences occurring which created issues with accessing proper healthcare. Manseau’s (2014) researched a 16-year examination (1993-2008), the racial-ethnic differences in any mental health care significantly worsened for Hispanics and the differences worsened for both Hispanics and non-Hispanic African American for visits to non-psychiatrists. Between the years, 1993 to 2008, the differences were extensive, but it did not show evidence of improvement in mental health care. There were language barriers, hospital segregation, geographical

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