Oryx And Crake Essay

2136 Words 9 Pages
Human evolution took millions of years to develop our current species and to develop the technological sophistication we now have today. The possibilities of human advancement seem limitless and the only opposition we have is ourselves. Why should humanity limit itself over genetically modified organisms? Why do people think humans have gone to far on genetic engineering? Genetic modification is the process of altering the DNA in an organism’s genome. The novel Oryx and Crake is a book about the things that worry the author, and warns us what may come if society continues on this current path of using genetic modification. Much of the general public believes that genetic modification should actually be a concern because of dangerous health …show more content…
Though an accepted idea, it is still greatly controversial. This practice has allowed humans to provide greater nutrition to third world countries at low costs, and increase the quantity and quality of food overall. However, despite its current and potential function, genetically modified food has been heavily criticized because of its health and safety. One of the primary uses of GMOs in Oryx and Crake features the ChickieNobs, which were just starting production at the time when Jimmy visits Crake at Watson-Crick. The ChickieNobs are described as a “large bulblike object that seemed to be covered in stippled whitish-yellow skin. Out of it came twenty thick fleshy tubes, and at the end of each tube another bulb was growing” (Atwood 202). What Atwood is trying to portray is that genetically modified food in today society is really not far off from what is being said in the novel. In today’s world there are animals that are genetically modified to increase quantity over being naturally produced. Jimmy was horrified at the sight of the creature, but in terms of high producing food in a world with dwindling resources, the ChickieNob sounds ideal. When compared with traditional chicken farming (which is cruel, dangerous and bad for the environment), something like the ChickieNob would be the perfect solution. However, there is something about the unfamiliar and new that causes humans to feel …show more content…
In today’s society Hayes (2000) main point is that “The social and political consequences of allowing the development and use of these technologies is difficult to comprehend, but most likely it would entail the objectification and commodification of human life and dramatically change the nature of human relationships and society” (p.29). Even though genetic modification has its advantages it also has disadvantages. The use of genetic engineering has many ethical issues surrounding it. Many people question it for being unethical to alter nature by taking the genes of one organism and mixing it with another. What also raises concern for Hayes (2002) when he astutely observes, “Two new technologies are of critical concern: reproductive cloning and inheritable genetic modification” (p.11). The first technology is of concern because its making a genetically modified human that is near-duplicate of an existing person, while inheritable genetic modification means modifying the genes we pass down to our children. Basically, Darnovsky (2014) is arguing the same idea that “These techniques would change every cell in the bodies of children born as a result of their use, and these alterations would be passed down to future generations” (p.A23). Even though genetic modification might have benefits in the food industry doesn’t mean we should be genetically modifying and

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