Organic Architecture Through Functionalism and Minimalism Essay

3123 Words Nov 26th, 2012 13 Pages
The inspiration of nature in design created a movement of Organic Architecture through functionalism and minimalism since the 1800’s influencing some of the greatest architects to emerge. Functionalist architects and artists design utilitarian structures in which the Organic Architecture dictates the development within and moves outward in harmony with its surroundings, without regard to such traditional devices as axial symmetry and classical proportions or any other heavy ornamentation. Louis Henry Sullivan's design theory that “form ever follows function” leads the dialogue towards a new world of design where the buildings effect on its surroundings is considered. Inspired by his mentor Frank Lloyd Wright expands on the design …show more content…
He would use intertwining vines and organic ornamentation on these tall buildings growing into the sky. Sullivan stated; “It is the pervading law of all things organic, and inorganic, of all things physical and metaphysical, of all things human and all things super-human, of all true manifestations of the head, of the heart, of the soul, that the life is recognizable in its expression, that form ever follows function."(Cannon) From that moment on Functionalism in architecture is noticed. Functionalism in architecture means that the construction, types of materials and the purpose of the building should determine the design. In short take notice on how a building will affect its surroundings in the design process. Sullivan was a very talented architect. Looking through Louis Sullivan’s designs even in his residential designs there were tall doors, windows; it was very vertical similar to his skyscrapers. He was influenced by different periods but Victorian which was the one he mostly designed in he disagreed with. It was too much design not enough function. He stated in his autobiography that his love for nature came from years on his grandfather’s farm. “Sullivan solved the “problem” of the skyscraper” (Cannon) He looked at it as a column. It has all the parts; a base, shaft and capital. Examining this theory most of his work is based on this principle he had. The Wainwright Building is a perfect example of this

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