Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd ) Essay

1152 Words 5 Pages
Vera is an eight-year-old African American female who lives with her mother and has visitation with her father every other weekend. She was brought to the clinic by her mother in response to concerns reported by her teacher at school, as well as difficulties at home, concerning odd and disruptive behaviors, obsession concerning her mother’s safety, anxiety, and declining academic performance.
Based on her presenting symptoms, Vera meets the full criteria for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The DSM-5 (American Psychological Association, 2013) diagnosis of OCD requires the presence of either obsessions, compulsions, or both. Obsessions are characterized by recurrent, unwanted images, thoughts, or urges that cause a person distress and accompanying attempts to ignore these images, urges, or thoughts or neutralize them through other thoughts or actions, such as compulsions (American Psychological Association, 2013). The DSM-5 (2013) characterizes compulsions as repetitive behaviors or rules, and acts aimed at reducing anxiety. The obsessions and compulsions must also be time-consuming and result in a significant clinical impairment to meet for a DSM-5 OCD diagnosis. Vera’s reported symptoms qualify her for an OCD diagnosis because she is exhibiting both time-consuming obsession and compulsions. Vera’s obsessions center around her mother’s safety. She reports experiencing unwanted, intrusive, and recurrent images of her mother in danger or of being killed, which…

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