Essay about Nuclear Power And Nuclear Energy

976 Words Apr 14th, 2016 4 Pages
Nuclear power is one of the biggest producer of the electricity in the world. In 2014, Nuclear power plants generated approximately 11% of total world electricity supply. Many futurist predict that by 2050 it could provide up to 35 percent of global electricity. There are many nuclear power plants around the world and many more are in process of building. Currently there are 438 nuclear reactors in 30 countries and 67 new nuclear plants are under construction in 15 countries.
History
The history of nuclear power stretch back as 1938. In 1938, German chemist Otto Hahn and his assistant Fritz Strassmann discovered the nuclear fission. Nuclear fission is process of splitting atom into two parts, when it splits it release enormous energy. An atom holds protons and neutrons in its focal core. In splitting, the fission process the nucleus splits. The subsequent pieces have less joined mass than the first core, with the missing mass changed over into nuclear energy. The first nuclear power plant, APS-1 Obninsk (Atomic Power Station 1 Obninsk) was built near Moscow, Russia in 1954. The power plant had a capacity of 6 megawatts (MW) and functioned until 2002. United states build their first commercial nuclear power plant in 1957. That power plant was located about 25 miles from Pittsburgh. It stayed functioning until 1982. Currently there are 104 operational nuclear power plants in the U.S. They provide approximately 19% percent of the total electricity, which approximately…

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