Essay about Nuclear Energy And Its Effect On The Environment

1304 Words Aug 17th, 2016 6 Pages
Uranium is a relatively common element in the crust of the Earth. It is a metal approximately as common as tin or zinc, and it is a constituent of most rocks and even of the sea. Natural uranium is 99.284% U238 which is the most common isotope. This however is not useful in nuclear reactors. The other uranium isotope U235, is highly unstable and is 1 neutron away from fission. Fission is achieved by firing a single neutron into a uranium-235 nucleus, turning it briefly into an excited uranium-236 nucleus, with the excitation energy provided by the kinetic energy of the neutron plus the forces that bind the neutron. The uranium-236, in turn, splits into fast-moving lighter elements and releases three free electrons.
Nuclear energy offers the opportunity of significantly Lower Greenhouse Gas Emissions. As per the reports in 1998, it has been calculated the emission of the greenhouse gas has reduced for nearly half due to the popularity in the use of nuclear power. Nuclear energy by far has the lowest impact on the environment since it does not releases any gases like carbon dioxide, methane which are largely responsible for greenhouse effect. There is no adverse effect on water, land or any habitats due to the use of it. Though some greenhouse gases are released while transporting fuel or extracting energy from uranium. The other main advantage of using nuclear energy is that it is very powerful and efficient than other alternative energy sources. Advancement in…

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