Social And Economic Changes In The Middle Ages

Great Essays
4. “The notion that the later Middle Ages was a calamitous, miserable period has been vastly overstated.” Before examining whether this assertion is exagerated or not, it is important to understand where this view comes from. “Struck by a plague that carried off between a fifth and a half of its population, shaken by Ottoman Turks who conquered Constantinople and moved into the Balkans, buffered by internal wars that threatened the very foundation of its political life, Europe shuddered.”1 This negative view of the late Middle Ages also results from the Hundred Years War (1337-1453) that opposed France and England for over a century, popular uprisings that punctuated the 13th and 14th centuries, the economic contraction and the great Schism that divided the Catholic church. However, Europe in the late Middle Ages “shrugged and forged ahead”, in other words, people of this time still managed to create or just imagine cultural, artistic and political innovations.2 That is why, I will argue that indeed, the latr Middle Ages was not a calamitous and miserable period at all, but rather just a period of intense social, political and economical changes. Politically speaking, the 14th and especially 15th …show more content…
From the premises of the humanism movement, the Italian Renaissance, which 'made the language and art of the ancient past the model for the present”, Leonard de Vinci 's work, composed of paintings as much as scientifical sketches, the Ottoman Court that aimed at reviving the Byzantine Empire 's art and the interiority depicted in both litterature, through personal stories like Saint Catherine of Siena 's visions, and German paintings, there was a huge variety of cultural and artistic expressions.10 Finally, the late Middle Ages is also a time of inventions, such as the printing press of Gutenberg around 1450, and the beginning of long travels, that eventually led to the discovery of new

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    The art of the Renaissance, the main theme of which was a man-hero, gradually spread throughout Italy. In the sculpture (Ghiberti, Donatello, Quercia, Robbia, Rossellino, Verrocchio and others) it was developed the freestanding statue, the promising scenic terrain, realistic portrait bust, equestrian monument (Cole). The Italian painting of the XV century (Masaccio, Lippi, Castagno, Uchchello, Angelico, Ghirlandaio, Pollaiuolo, Francesca, Signorelli, Bellini) was characterized by a sense of the harmonic ordering of the world, as well as by the appeal to the ethical and civic ideals of humanism, joyful perception of beauty and diversity of the real world, the love to the narration and the game by the artistic imagination (Bergin and…

    • 812 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    There were threats in the south by Italy, in the Balkans by the Turkic groups, the Hungarians from the northwest, and the Cumans from the northeast. The greatest threat however, would be the Seljuk Turks, which gained land up to the edge of Byzantine territory. The Seljuks took Asia Minor, historically a land heavily sought after. The emperor at the time, Romanos, gathered up 200,000 men to take back Asia Minor, and while they had success against the Seljuk Turks, another enemy of the state spread rumors about the emperor and the army went into chaos and abandoned the fight. The Byzantines were soundly defeated, and the emperor taken prisoner.…

    • 770 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    At this time the center of the Italian art from Florence moved to Rome, with the entry to the papal throne Julius II, attracting a his court the best artists of Italy, who held their numerous and important work and gave another example of love for the art. At the same time the Pope and his immediate successors in Rome built a lot of monumental buildings created magnificent sculptures, frescoes and paintings were written, and still considered the pearl of paintings. Antiquity now being studied more thoroughly, played with more rigor and consistency, calmness and dignity replace playful beauty that was aspiration of the preceding period, of remembering medieval completely disappear, and it is a classic imprint falls on all art creation. High Renaissance, which gave to mankind the great masters such as Michelangelo Buonarroti, Leonardo da Vinci, Giorgione, Titian, Raphael Santi, Bramante covers a relatively short period of time - the end of the XV and first half of the XVI centuries. Only in Venice flowering of art lasted until middle of the…

    • 1859 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Spanish Renaissance motifs at early stages was a mixture of different civilizations yet the Moorish heritage had the biggest impact on it. It revealed the geometric grid and the complex in Islamic designs. By the mid of the 16th century, as the Spanish Renaissance became more influenced by the Italian’s, lavish motifs were replaced with a classical and formal decorations. Therefore, symmetry, order and proportion became important principles to be applied on floor plans, interiors and architecture. On the other hand, these principles were applied during the whole French Renaissance period.…

    • 729 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Renaissance Individualism

    • 1168 Words
    • 5 Pages

    space became broken down mathematically in design and painting to convey an illusion of reality. This then allowed the creation of new designs and mathematical input that manifested lifestyle with spiritual aspects. One such artist was Giovanni Bellini who introduced bright, rich, strong colours into his palette and landscapes that expressed the happiness, calmness, and prosperity that Italy carried throughout the Renaissance. These characteristics and designs of paintings afterward became a preferred Venetian cornerstone. alternative necessary figures within the Renaissance that conveyed the movement s concepts through their ingenious paintings and branch of knowledge ways were Pier Della Francesca and Leon Battista Alberti.…

    • 1168 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This wealth allowed prominent families to support artists, scientists, and philosophers spurring on new ideas and artistic movements. Florence Florence is where the Renaissance first began. It was ruled by the powerful Medici Family who used their money to support artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. One of the early architectural achievements of the Renaissance was the massive dome on the Florence Cathedral. Florence was known for its textile production as well as a banking center.…

    • 871 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Italian Baroque

    • 494 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The catholic reformers inspired many artistic people. The places that were based on these types of paintings were all over Spain and Italy. The style of art in Venice and Rome had some huge changes in the art. They started a style of art called mannerism. Mannerism is a style marked by a spatial complexity, artificiality, and affection.…

    • 494 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Amid the Renaissance craftsmanship was depicted on the canvas, as well as in composing also. Creators, for example, Thomas More and Baldassare Castiglione. Thomas More's piece, Utopia, and Baldassare Castiglione's, The Book of Courtier, both touch on the optimistic government as well as retainer which both had immense influence in the spreading on Renaissance thoughts. These types of Italian craftsmanship adequately pass on Renaissance Ideas. Different learned people, for example, Erasmus and Petrarch split far from the norm of their time and effectively communicated Renaissance thoughts through their…

    • 716 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    As a result, there was a transformation in the elements of art and art medium. Perspective, shadows and light became the most prominent elements of art, while oil-painting was developed, which is seen as the main innovation in Renaissance art. Naturalist Northerners are the innovators of the changes in art medium, and Humanist Italians are the enhancers of the prominent elements of art. What’s inexplicable is the similarities. Is it a coincidence, or did artists copy from each other.…

    • 1042 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    renaissance During the renaissance there were a lot of different artist coming up. The renaissance art is the painting, sculpture and decorative arts of that period of European history known as the renaissance, emerging as a distinct style in Italy in about 1400,The during renaissance such as Invention of the first mechanical clock, Invention of scales for weighing, First golf ball was invented Invention of the trigger for gun, The first piano called the Spinet invented, Oil painting was invented Hoisting gear invented in Florence, Lenses for near-sighted people invented by Nicholas of Cusa Invention of the Printing press by Gutenberg, Drypoint…

    • 867 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays