National Cultures Essay

1793 Words Dec 9th, 2014 8 Pages
10/17/2014

Org. Behaviour & Management: MBA_ 607
Lecture No.5

Organisational Culture
Dr Kwasi Dartey-Baah

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Overview


What is organisational culture? How does culture develop Impact of culture Work Applications







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What is Organisational Culture”


Organisational Culture: What is it?  Organisational culture is a system of shared values, assumptions, believes and norms that unite the members of the organisation.


Organisational culture is also referred to as Corporate Culture (Internal Environment). Culture is ‘how things are done around here’. It is what is typical of the organisation, the habits, the prevailing attitudes, the grownup pattern of accepted and expected
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Emphasis on getting the job done.


Advantages: Flexibility, adaptable and encourages innovation and take decisions quicker. Utilises the unifying power of the group. Disadvantages: Little day to day control and lack of in-depth expertise.



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Type of cultures /how culture develops

(iv) Person culture: The individual member is all important, structure is minimal. It exists for the benefit of members. Has complete autonomy. For example group of doctors, consultants, etc.
 

Advantages: Individuals benefit considerably. Disadvantages: Difficult to manage since little control can be exercised over members. Influence under this culture is purely on the basis of personal power.
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Factors impacting organisational culture

(i)

Influences on corporate culture are:
History and Age. Older organisations tend to be role cultures, on account of their stability and continuity while newer ones tend to be either power (ie aggressive and independent) or task (flexible and innovative) cultures, or some combination of the two. Ownership. Centralised ownership (family or owner managed) make for power culture; public ownership make for role culture. Size. One of most important influencing factor. Increased size pushes organisations towards role culture. Technology. Where there are routine technologies role cultures abound where flexibility is important task or power cultures are likely.

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

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