Motivation to Work Well Depends More Than High Wages and on Working Co

1633 Words Sep 26th, 1999 7 Pages
Motivation to Work Well Depends More Than High Wages and on Working Conditions

1) Discuss critically the validity of the contention that the motivation to work well depends on more than a high salary and good working conditions.

This essay will define what motivation is, the influence and effect that money and good working conditions have on staff and the other factors and issues that motivate staff to work in the context of the workplace.

In order to critically discuss and evaluate what motivates staff in the workplace it is imperitive to firstly define the concept of motivation.
Motivation can be defined as the force or process which impels people to behave in the way they do; Newcomb (1950) said that an organism is motivated:

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These examples can be related to the work of Maslow (1954) who identified five categories of need which he claimed could be placed in a hierarchy (FIG 1). By this he meant that at any given moment an individual will be aiming to satisfy one particular category of need, but once this has been done that person will be interested in satisfying the next higher level.

FIGURE 1 - Abraham Maslows Hierarchy of Needs (1954)

The previous example can be related to Figure 1 - the eighteen year old has lower level needs than the executive and, consequently the reward an organisation must offer to motivate will differ. In this case money is the main motivator for the eighteen year old whereas the executive is concerned more with working conditions and intrinsic rewards. According to Herzberg the distinction between extrinsic rewards is a significant one in that he found the fomer
(which he called 'maintenance' or 'hygiene' factors) are important to prevent an employee being dissatisfied at work whilst the latter (called motivators) are the ones which actually satisfy. If the hygiene factors are inappropriate - for example , working conditions are poor or the company rules are seen as unfair - the individuals will be dissatisfied. By improving the hygiene factors an organisation can help to remove employees discontent. If however, they want to motivate their staff rather than just removing the causes of dissatisfaction then intrinsic rewards are

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