Motivation Theories Essay

2454 Words Mar 19th, 2008 10 Pages
Introduction
If I ask any person who is successful in whatever he or she is doing what motivates him/her, very likely the answer will be "goals". Goal setting is extremely important to motivation and success.
We are still students but almost everybody of us has been working somewhere. I have few simple questions for you. So what motivates you? What do you expect from your current position? What do you think are the most important aspects to a job?

A good first step towards understanding what motivates people is to ask "What do people want from their jobs?" We might answer, "money" or "power" but really it is very difficult to judge because depending on our own individual values and beliefs, we are not all motivated by the same
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Motivation theories are important to supervisors attempting to be effective leaders. Two primary approaches to motivation are content and process.
The content approach
This approach focuses on what motivates individuals to fulfill inner needs. Content theories focus on the needs that motivate people.
The process approach
Emphasizes how and why people behave in order to meet their personal goals. Process theories focus on external influences or behaviors that people choose to meet their needs. External influences are often readily accessible to supervisors.

CONTENT THEORIES
These theories suggest that people have certain needs and/or desires which have been internalised. (This means that as we have grown up we have learned that these are things that we want and need and we come to believe it so strongly, that we think that it is a natural thing to want these things.) These theories look at what it is about certain people that make them want the things that they do and what things in their environment will make them do or not do certain things. For example why would a person who was getting a lot of money for a job still be unhappy? Maybe there are other things which they consider to be more or equally important such as the work environment or the friendship and support of the people that they work with.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory
Abraham Maslow (1908 - 1970) developed a theory of motivation based on a hierarchy of needs. This is probably

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