Essay on Motivation and Emotion

1159 Words Apr 6th, 2013 5 Pages
Motivation and Emotion
Motivation is best described as “the factors that direct and energize the behavior of human beings and other organisms” (Feldman, 2010, p. 244). The different motivation approaches can be divided into five categories: Instinct, Drive-Reduction, Arousal, Incentive, and Cognitive.
The instinctive approach refers to the patterns organisms are born with that give the energy to channel various actions in the direction required for survival. An example of an instinctive approach could be sexual behavior in response to the instinct to reproduce (Feldman, 2010, p. 244). This approach can affect motivation because it is the instinctive reactions that can keep organisms alive.
The drive-reduction approach proposes that
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The cognitive approach to motivation insinuates that motivation is a result of a person’s thoughts, goals, and expectations: cognitions (Feldman, 2010, p. 248). This theory clearly defines two different cognitive motivations: intrinsic and extrinsic. An intrinsic motivation is something that motivates us for sheer enjoyment, such as singing in the shower. However, an extrinsic motivation would be someone singing only because he or she was paid. This approach affects motivation based on a person’s expectation of something.
The human mind also experiences many emotions. However, there are only five main emotions: love, joy, anger, fear, and sadness. On a regular basis, I experience feelings of love and fear in association with my coursework. I love to learn about the human mind in the attempt to know how to best help others in my future career. However, I have an intense fear of failure and often spend excessive amounts of time on assignments not meant to be difficult.
Use of the cognitive approach allows me to keep pressing forward in times of fear and uncertainty. Both intrinsic and extrinsic motivations work well when overcoming my fear. Out of my love of the field and my desire to help others (intrinsic motivation), I can keep pressing forward when I feel fearful of failure. Also when the demands of my coursework become overwhelming, knowing I will

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