The German sociologist Ferdinand Tonnis theory reflects the various dimensions of changes such as growth in population, the rise of cities and increasingly impersonal interaction (Macionis, 2006).
A French sociologist named Emile Durkheim theory resembled Tonnies somewhat. Durkheim was more optimistic, but he feared the modern societies might become so diverse they would provide little moral guidance to individuals (Macionis, 2006).
Sociologist Max Weber viewed modernity as a way to replace a traditional worldview with a rational way of thinking. His viewpoint is compared to Durkheim’s theory. He believed science was carrying human beings away from the meaning of their human existence (Macionis, 2006).
Karl Marx believed modernity weakened small communities as did Ferdinand Tonnis, and increased the division of labor, while encouraging a rational worldview. Marx’s theory of modernization is viewed as a complex theory of capitalism (Stone, 2004).
Modernization is likely to