Essay on Modernation

1112 Words Oct 23rd, 2011 5 Pages
Future of Modernization

Shannon Mahone

SOC/120

August 7, 2011
Future of Modernization
Modernization is the process of social change begun by industrialization. Modernization refers to the changes of social patterns since the time of the Industrial Revolution (Macionis, 2006). The Industrial revolution introduces one invention after another, intending for the inventions to become better and better, but some do not always turn out as intended. Different sociologists have tried to explain modernization each through their own theories. Some known sociologists who have tried to explain modernization are Ferdinand Tonnies, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Peter Berger, and Karl Marx. Questions have arisen as to where or not modernization
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The third characteristic is increasing social diversity. As the growth of cities and people from different backgrounds began to live in the same areas this encouraged the combining of diverse beliefs and behavior. The fourth characteristic of Peter Berger’s belief was orientation toward the future and a growing awareness of time. His belief of being aware of the changes and new inventions of the future which could better people’s lives is still encourage today (Macionis, 2006).
The German sociologist Ferdinand Tonnis theory reflects the various dimensions of changes such as growth in population, the rise of cities and increasingly impersonal interaction (Macionis, 2006).
A French sociologist named Emile Durkheim theory resembled Tonnies somewhat. Durkheim was more optimistic, but he feared the modern societies might become so diverse they would provide little moral guidance to individuals (Macionis, 2006).
Sociologist Max Weber viewed modernity as a way to replace a traditional worldview with a rational way of thinking. His viewpoint is compared to Durkheim’s theory. He believed science was carrying human beings away from the meaning of their human existence (Macionis, 2006).
Karl Marx believed modernity weakened small communities as did Ferdinand Tonnis, and increased the division of labor, while encouraging a rational worldview. Marx’s theory of modernization is viewed as a complex theory of capitalism (Stone, 2004).
Modernization is likely to…

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