The Spiritual And Spiritual Natures Of John Cotton And Jonathan Edwards

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Despite having the same basic understanding of the world through Christianity and predominantly Calvinism, John Cotton and Jonathan Edwards both depict varied versions of what Luther regards as the spiritual and bodily natures that we, as Christians, exhibit. While John Cotton’s Christian Calling emphasizes our bodily nature as he focuses on the outward acts of faith such as expressing our faith in accordance to our obedience to the Lord’s will, Johnathan Edwards’ opposes this viewpoint in Religious Affections as he depicts a greater emphasis on our spiritual nature through thoroughly experiencing grace in our heart; Luther reconciles that our bodily nature expresses our spiritual nature. Cotton’s emphasizes that our bodily nature is a crucial …show more content…
Unlike Cotton, Edwards focuses on the spiritual nature. Edwards expresses his passion for people to feel the richness within their soul that is the spiritual nature when he says “he [people] singles out the religious affections of love and joy, which he saw exercised in them…. it is evident, then, that a great part of true religion lies in the affections, those vigorous and felt exercises of the inclination and will of the soul,” (Edwards 169). This portrays the emphasis that Edwards puts on the spiritual aspect involved in expressing faith to the fullest. Edward even expresses that the utmost form of true religion is the role that the heart plays; he, unlike Cotton, does not say this is done by what is seen on the outside, but the heart’s …show more content…
His teachings revolved around the importance of the inward and viewing grace and mercy as the most important factor; this shocked those who believed we humans had something to prove to God. One of Luther’s most important factors was explaining that there was nothing we can do to earn God’s favor and we are born corrupt, but Jesus Christ paid the price for us; we are left discerning our own acceptance or denial of salvation, grace, and mercy. Luther is able to take the two ideas and reconcile them by making them complementary ideas as opposed to competing ideas. Luther believes that if one is truly coming from a heart that seeks the mercy and Salvation from God (the most important part and our spiritual body) then they will naturally live a life that reflects this heart. The Holy Spirit will be inside that persons and thereby live a life that exemplifies both the bodily and spiritual natures within themselves. Luther says that “it is evident that no external thing has any influence in producing Christian righteousness or freedom, or in producing unrighteousness or servitude” (Luther 8). This seems similar to Edwards views that it is all from the inner. However, faith without works is dead because it reflects an unfaithful heart. Luther says that, “he who through faith is righteous shall live,” (Luther 10). This

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