Modern Architecture Essay

4703 Words Oct 26th, 2010 19 Pages
ESSAY 1

Le Corbusier and Mies van de Rohe were two architects influenced by the contemporary movements of their time period. Le Corbusier’s architectural ideology was derived from the multiple techniques and styles he had previously encountered through study. His early designs were expressive of the “youth style” which was introduced to him by his instructor, L’Eplattenier. New technologies, however, began to influence his philosophies. Le Corbusier saw potential in concrete building systems and desired to experiment with its structural abilities through his designs. The modern industry, as well as the political disorder which came about following the First World War, motivated his innovative design philosophies which appeared in
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Mies van der Rohe was in favor of going back to the building approach to design, which he felt had been replaced with form. He saw architecture as a very simple creation of space to serve only the function of shelter. He thought it was necessary to resort back to this ideology but bring it into play in the new era. “It is mainly our concern to liberate all building activity from aesthetic specialists. And make building again what it always has been. Building.” Le Corbusier defined the correlation of past and present through the evolution of architecture. The present would not exist without prior growth; therefore architecture is a continuation of the past. “We must see to the establishment of standards so we can face up to the problem of perfection. The Parthenon is a product of selection applied to a standard. Architecture works on standards. Standards are a matter of logic, of analysis, of scrupulous study; they are based on a problem well posed. Experimentation fixes the standard definitively.” Mies van der Rohe preached that architectural design lies in the process in which it is created rather thatn in the resulting form. In agreement, Michael Speaks stated, “While problem-solving works within a given paradigm to create ‘new’ solutions to known problems, innovation risks working with existent but unknown conditions in order

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