Essay about Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction ( Mbsr )

1214 Words Dec 14th, 2016 5 Pages
Mindfulness is defined as a consciousness that arises through purposeful non-judgmentally attentiveness in the current moment (Kabat-Zinn, 2003). According to Kabat-Zinn (1990), Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is a core mindfulness approach that brings together mindfulness mediation and yoga. Specific mindfulness approaches focus on the actual development of mindfulness, while the methods to teach mindfulness vary. School-based mindfulness programs have shown evidence that practicing mindfulness improves student achievement and decreases psychological distress (Deckro, Ballinger & Hoyt, 2002). This study seeks to examine the well-being of college students engaged in MBSR using the PERMA model as a framework.

Background of the Problem
There exists a need to focus on well-being in educational contexts. Specifically, it may be beneficial for schools to explore ways to improve and support well-being of students. High-stress levels related to college life, greater hours worked daily, trauma, and posttraumatic stress disorder all contribute to poor well-being. Over 90% of university counseling centers report an increase in the number of students being served each year, and increased levels of psychopathology in students (Gallagher, 2004). Though only a small percentage of university students seek help from college health centers, the rapid increase has put a strain on university counseling centers. University student stress levels are steadily increasing, with roughly…

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