Mesopotamia Research Paper

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Iraq is a country that has seen both beauty and turmoil over its extensive time period. Mesopotamia is referred as the ‘cradle of civilization’ because of the growth of the city and the interest in writing. Mesopotamia was located in today’s Iraq, Iran, Syria and Turkey. This time of development, while it left a lasting impression on the world, was only short lived. The twentieth century was the beginning of the end of Iraq’s movement towards full development. Two years after World War I, Iraq was under British mandate and stayed under their mandate for the next twelve years. Then, only after four years of independence, General Bakr Sidqi established a military coup d 'etat aimed towards making the Iraqi army in charge of the country. These …show more content…
The country “where Islam is the state religion and claims the beliefs of 95 percent of the population” had its humble beginnings thousands of years ago in a land better known as Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia was “known as the ‘cradle of civilization’ primarily because of two developments that occurred there.¨ In other words, the two developments are the invention of the wheel and the further growth of writing. Mesopotamia is also credited with the formations of the first cities (due to the trading that took place throughout). Most of the cities as well as many other villages developed along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. These rivers supplied the people with fertile soil, which in turn allowed the people to grow a vast amount of crops. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers are what allowed the civilization to truly emerge as one of the most advanced ancient civilizations. They are one of Mesopotamia’s primary legacies. Ancient Mesopotamia granted the world with rich cultural and religious …show more content…
18,000 men and hundred of tanks were deployed in Golan Heights. Iraq gained control of the Golan Heights on the third day of the war. Despite Iraq joining the conflict, they, along with Syria and Egypt, could not hold back the heavily armed Israeli defenses. Six years after the Yom Kippur ended (1979), Saddam Hussein becomes the fifth leader of Iraq. A year after his election, the Iran-Iraq war started, which was mainly due to territorial and political disputes between Iraq and Iran.
Iraq was supported by the United States and Iran was supported by the Soviet Union. The United States provided Iraq with satellite data and the whereabouts on Iran 's military. The war eventually came to an end in 1988 with a draw. Finally, shortly after the war ended, the small Kurdish town of Halabja in northern Iraq was attacked with mustard gas. Iraq 's past was one that will go down in history as bloody, violent, and oppressive. While Iraq (or in ancient times, Mesopotamia) has had its ups, it most certainly has had its downs. These harsh times in Iraq primarily started after World War I. Iraq never seemed to move away from limelight when it came to conflict. While it did appear that Iraq was moving towards a developed state, due to the constant conflict, Iraq heavily declined. Even moving into the modern era, Iraq still is not stable both socially and economically. Iraq fought through devastating

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