Mesoamerican Religion Essay

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Philosophy/Religious Area Posts
One of the most interesting periods before the colonization of the Spanish was perhaps the Native Americans of Mesoamerica. There are so many civilizations that flourished around this time. There are many philosophical and/or religious factors that arose during this period, some of which are, but are not limited to, the sacrifice of humans for religious purposes. According to the textbook on page 326, "… The most frequently cited aspect of Aztec culture is human sacrifice, which was linked with religious ritual." Many people today portray the sacrifices back to the ancient civilizations to those of the aspects like sacrifices, to the Mayans and the Aztecs, that occurred around modern-day Mexico before, during
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The textbook described their knowledge and their interpretation of how they saw the universe. I think this is astonishing because they had no technology to go to space or telescopes of their own yet they interpreted the universe. According to the textbook on page 324, they interpreted as the heavens, the middle-world, which is the world that humans inhabit or the earth, and the underworld for perhaps their afterlife. There is a weird connection between the pyramids built in Ancient Egypt and the pyramids in the Mesoamerican world to what it seems that these civilizations wanted to create these structures to somehow connect their middle-world to the heavens above, perhaps. Even though there is no clear evidence that they had no knowledge of each other’s existence, they had correlated these structures to the upper world. As I read the previous chapters, the Ancient Greeks really did not seem to show much scientific findings like the Mayans even though they had more structured civilizations such as those as city-states. The Ancient Mayans did not only have a method to show various linear findings in the way that the universe worked in the naked eye, but they also had a numerical system which would be used in calendars, they somehow knew that the earth has 365 days; that is truly astonishing. The use of numbers and a numerical system that is …show more content…
One could find that the Teotihuacan people also built pyramids in Mesoamerica. The city of Teotihuacan was laid out as a grid pattern and the Avenue of the Dead links the Pyramids of the Moon and the Sun. There are also six hundred smaller pyramids surrounding these two. The pyramid of the Sun is oriented to tell the rising and setting of the sun. This shows us that the ancient people of this time were very well educated and were interested in the universe. The order of the universe is suggested by the Pyramid of the Sun. The number of steps on the Pyramid of the Sun is 365, this is said to be some sort of solar calendar made by the ancient people. Another example of a solar calendar is the Temple of the Quetzalcoatl, which has 364 serpent fangs. The architectural themes of this time portrayed by the Mesoamerican people suggests an interest in the universe. The Mayan culture built open-air temples on top of pyramids which were most likely used as thrones for the kings and temples for worshiping. Temple architecture emphasized the external features of the Mayan pyramids. The pyramids would be made from craved stone and consisted many steep stairs that lead to the top of the pyramid which featured an platform for the Mayans to perform their rituals in the open air. It was perhaps very foreign and not apparent to what these pyramids were to the European conquerors

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