Male And Female Intelligence Analysis

1393 Words 6 Pages
Estimating IQ: Comparing male and female predictions

Introduction

The idea of using an individual’s self-estimated IQ (SEI) to judge their humility has been used frequently, as asking people to guess their own humility would likely be as inaccurate as their IQ estimates. In the majority of studies performed, there has been a significant difference between male and female estimates, this could be due to females being too humble or males being more conceited.

The area itself is an important subject because Hogan (1978) believes that opinions on personal attributes can affect the attribute itself. This could mean if females are severely underestimating their own intelligence, it will begin to suffer. His study found this difference when conducted.
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To discover if the gender effects would be apparent in relation to predictions of other types of intelligence than just IQ. Neto, Ruiz & Furnham (2008) asked participants to rate themselves on multiple intelligence types, and males rated themselves higher on mathematical, spatial awareness, intrapersonal, spiritual and natural IQ ability, suggesting there is still a difference in male to female humility. Furnham (2005) found results to support this, with men rating themselves higher on creativity and political topics. Furnham (2000) also found that males or fathers again rated themselves higher in mathematical and spatial awareness ability, and that if they were asked to predict their children’s ability it depending when they were born. First born children were considered to be brighter if they were male, but second born brighter if they were female. This is slightly different to previous ideas. The test of different abilities was looked into as well by Moss & Hogg (1997) who asked intellectually impaired participants to rate themselves, over 90% rated themselves closed to the predictions of the K-ABC. This suggest humility has not affected the …show more content…
Some more recent studies have found this to not be the case. Nasser & Abouchedid (2005) found fathers are rated higher than mothers, and Syzmanowicz & Furnham (2013) found males still rate their selves higher than females. The current study also tried to look into this phenomena. It is important to see if the gap is closing, if it still exists at all. The study has a similar methodology to Hogan (1978) and Beloff (1992) so whilst it is expected to show higher SEIs for males and differences between the IQ predictions for the gender as a whole, it aims to see if this is changing. The study is interesting because it has more variety in it. Whilst it is not a cross cultural study, there is more ethnicities taking part than the earlier examples. It also studies university students who would be expected to be around or above average IQ due to their level of education, this has not been done that many times

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