Main Issues Confronting The Rightly Guided Caliph Analysis

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Register to read the introduction… Realizing that the original message from God might be inadvertently distorted by textual variants, he appointed a committee to collect the canonical verses and destroy the variant recensions. The result was the text that is accepted to this day throughout the Muslim world. Uthman ruled for twelve years. The first six years were marked by internal peace and tranquillity, but during the second half of his caliphate a rebellion arose. Uthman attempted to retain the unity of the empire by appointing members of his own clan, the Umayyads, to governorship, in particular, the governorship of his kinsman Muawiya was enlarged to include all of Syria and northern Iraq. These actions led to the charge of nepotism by Uthman’s detractors. A groups of rebels demanded he abdicate and some of the companions advised him to do so. The rebels broke into Uthman’s house and murdered him. Uthman breathed his last breaths in June 656 CE.

Uthman was murdered at the hands of discontented Egyptians in 656 CE and the notables of medina selected Ali b Abi Taliba s caliph. His failure to punish Uthman’s assassins quickly generated outrage.
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Abu bakr succeeded in conquering Syria and Iraq, he also dealt with the revolts and with tribes not willing to paying their taxes, he also completed the verses of the Qur’an. But was Abu bakr successful because the people need a leader to guide them. The Muslim community was not fully formed so they needed a guide which was Abu bakr. You could also say that being caliph for only two years would not be enough time to see the cracks. Umar was very successful in expanding the Muslim empire, and in developing the administrative structure. But some people would argue that he expanded the empire some much that it was too much for him and he could not handle it. But then again expanding the religion and empire was what needed to be done. Uthman had had six good and six bad years. He expanded the empire, made universal dialects of the Qur’an. But charged with nepotism and tried to suppress rebels and made the problem worse. He could have been influenced by his family since to make many of his decisions which made his last six years

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