Macbeth 's Thoughts And Actions Essay

1023 Words Nov 23rd, 2015 5 Pages
Macbeth’s thoughts and actions in the play Macbeth resemble those of Niccolo Machiavelli, a political theorist, in the sense that they both believe that it is better to be feared rather than to be loved. Another base of Machiavelli’s theory that is carried out by Macbeth is the means of deception for personal gain. Macbeth uses deception for his own personal gain. Personal gain is another form of the word “selfish” (getting what you want for yourself). Macbeth deceiving others is best shown in Act 3 of the play, Macbeth. Banquo, Macbeth’s longtime friend, suspects that Macbeth murdered King Duncan (which he did, but no one knows for sure) in order to become the king of Scotland. Macbeth invites Banquo to a feast, as well as, plans to murder Banquo later that night (when Banquo returns), and he hires two men to do so. Macbeth says to the two men he persuades to kill Banquo: “Have you considered of my speeches? Know that it was he, in the times past, which held you so under fortune, which you thought had been our innocent self.” (3.1.83-86) Macbeth persuades them to regard Banquo as an enemy. When Macbeth says: “Know that it was he… which held you so under fortune…”, this is his use of deception for personal gain. Macbeth explains what Banquo did to these two men by saying Banquo made the lives of these two men so bad and full of struggle for so long. Deception occurs because Banquo wasn’t the one who “held these men so under fortune.” Macbeth tells that to these men because…

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