The Theme Of Deception In Macbeth

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Individuals who are deceptive or are deceived will consequently be a catalyst for disaster and chaos. William Shakespeare conveys the theme of deception in his tragic play ‘Macbeth’ through the protagonists; the witches, Lady Macbeth and Macbeth. In Shakespeare’s era, the notion of being disloyal to the King will cause destruction to the chain of beings as well as cause insanity in themselves. The use of innumerable literary techniques and recurring motifs of nature and the contrast between light and dark aid in accentuating the theme.

The witches manipulate and put in Macbeth’s head the idea of having a chance of having the crown. Banquo 's assumes that “to win us to our harm, The instruments of darkness tell us truths,
Win us with honest
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She reminds him to look like an ‘innocent flower’ but be the ‘serpent under’t’. This simile conveys the notion of appearance versus reality and the biblical allusion of Macbeth being compared to the ‘serpent’ emphasises that Lady Macbeth is suggesting Macbeth to tempt people and deceive them by acting guiltless. Lady Macbeth exaggerates “all our service in every point twice done and then done double” when speaking to King Duncan. Moreover, the overly polite tone that Lady Macbeth evidently illustrates how Lady Macbeth wants to be on the King’s good side so she will not be suspected of the ‘deed’. ‘Twice done and then done double’ reiterates how much work Lady Macbeth has done just for the King’s arrival. Lady Macbeth’s reinforces Macbeth by saying “what 's done is done” as she tries to comfort him after he has done the deed. The repetition of ‘done’ highlights that there is no going back and she doesn’t feel remorse. Lady Macbeth’s statement deceives Macbeth as this is not the end of drama. The audience knows that there will be more deaths and drama to come. Lady Macbeth is very convincing and is a close relation to Macbeth, therefore she can easily deceive him with her words and …show more content…
Macbeth says himself that "as his host, who should against his murder shut the door, not bear the knife myself” which reinforces that he should not go against the King and assassinate him. The dramatic irony of knowing that Macbeth will be disloyal and having already plotted against the King with the manipulation of his wife, enhances the theme of deception. Macbeth is portrayed as an innocent character to the public but behind doors with his wife, he is a serpent and is full of evil. Macbeth’s use of parallelism in “false face must hide what the false heart doth know” pervades that he will follow his rule; to hide what his heart knows by putting on a fake face. Consequently, the public will not be suspicious of him as he seems innocent from the outside and thus he can easily manipulate people as he is of high power and is a ‘good’ person. The witches make Macbeth believe that he has an upper hand by continuing their prophecy “non of woman born/ Shall harm Macbeth.” In Shakespeare’s era, it was rare for an individual to be born of caesarean and therefore the witches deceived Macbeth with their words. They made him think that he will be safe and no one can harm him. Little did Macbeth know, the witches were telling the truth although there was an underlying twist since Macduff was born of caesarean. Macbeth whom is too confident with himself, didn’t

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