Essay Lying to Patients and Ethical Relativism
Ethical Relativism - theory that holds that morality is relative to the norms of one's culture. * a culture. i.e.: nobody should ever steal) Objective vs. Subjective (Telling right from wrong) Paternalism vs. Autonomy Paternalism – authority of restricting the freedom and responsibilities of those lower than them
Autonomy is a binomial 1) Enlightenment ethics – celebration of the individual’s reason, free will, self seat of values, 2) Politics – celebrating of the individual’s ability to know what is best for the government, religion, or public opinion.
Medical field turns from med paternalism to self-ruling autonomy …show more content…
Vicious truth = painful –dramatic change in emotion Omitting the Truth vs. Lying Truth vs. Lie Two important kind of ethical theories evaluate actions by either results or intention. Lying has a result of leaving someone with a false view Lying with the intention of leaving someone with a false view The acts versus omissions doctrine - The doctrine that it makes an ethical difference whether an agent actively intervenes to bring about a result, or omits to act. Apologizing for Mistakes and Taking Responsibility for Mistakes Ordinary people don’t expect perfection, but get mad when not given a straightforward answer or when no one takes responsibility for an unexpected death. Virtue ethics – it take strength of character to admit mistakes. Wrongful Death by Sandra Gilbert is an example of virtue ethics. Physician of record – someone who is responsible for a patient’s care and is blamed for any mistakes. Virtue Ethics: Truthfulness, Complicity, and Responsibility Truthfulness – Willingness to tell the truth Truthfulness is key to human