Essay Lying to Patients and Ethical Relativism

895 Words Aug 8th, 2012 4 Pages
I. Lying to Patients and Ethical Relativism Ethical Relativism and Ethical Subjectivism
Ethical Relativism - theory that holds that morality is relative to the norms of one's culture. * a culture. i.e.: nobody should ever steal) Objective vs. Subjective (Telling right from wrong) Paternalism vs. Autonomy Paternalism – authority of restricting the freedom and responsibilities of those lower than them

Autonomy is a binomial 1) Enlightenment ethics – celebration of the individual’s reason, free will, self seat of values, 2) Politics – celebrating of the individual’s ability to know what is best for the government, religion, or public opinion.
Medical field turns from med paternalism to self-ruling autonomy
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Truth is sacred. Ignorance is bliss (People who want to be fed lies) Utilitarianism Ethics Utilitarianism – movement founded by Jeremy Bentham and James Mill; the essence was that right acts should produce the greatest amount of good for the greatest number of beings. Focuses on right actions and focuses on consequences. There are consequences to lying
Vicious truth = painful –dramatic change in emotion Omitting the Truth vs. Lying Truth vs. Lie Two important kind of ethical theories evaluate actions by either results or intention. Lying has a result of leaving someone with a false view Lying with the intention of leaving someone with a false view The acts versus omissions doctrine - The doctrine that it makes an ethical difference whether an agent actively intervenes to bring about a result, or omits to act. Apologizing for Mistakes and Taking Responsibility for Mistakes Ordinary people don’t expect perfection, but get mad when not given a straightforward answer or when no one takes responsibility for an unexpected death. Virtue ethics – it take strength of character to admit mistakes. Wrongful Death by Sandra Gilbert is an example of virtue ethics. Physician of record – someone who is responsible for a patient’s care and is blamed for any mistakes. Virtue Ethics: Truthfulness, Complicity, and Responsibility Truthfulness – Willingness to tell the truth Truthfulness is key to human

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