Litertaure and Civilization Essay

1561 Words Jan 26th, 2015 7 Pages
The Jacobean Age of English Literature coincides with the reign of James I, 1603 - 1625. During this time the literature became sophisticated, sombre, and conscious of social abuse and rivalry. The Jacobean Age produced rich prose and drama as well as the King James translation of the Bible. Shakespeare and Jonson wrote during the Jacobean Age, as well as John Donne, Francis Bacon, and Thomas Middleton.
The Caroline Age of English Literature coincides with the reign of Charles I, 1625 - 1649. The writers of this age wrote with refinement and elegance. This era produced a circle of poets known as the "Cavalier Poets" and the dramatists of this age were the last to write in the Elizabethan tradition.
The Commonwealth Period, also known as
…show more content…
Humanism combined a vitalism in natural science, high moral feeling and broad tolerant reasonableness in religion. This was to be contrasted to Medieval Pessimism about man’s possibilities and their belief in the supremacy of the divine. The Medieval view of man sees man as a fallen, corrupt and sinful creature, whereas the humanists stress Reason, balance and a proper dignity for man. The Humanists see truth and excellence based on human values and human experiences.

2. The Sonnet

1. English Sonnet : The English sonnet is also known as a Shakespearean sonnet after its most famous writer. The English sonnet is constructed of three quatrains of alternating rhyme ("abab cdcd efef"), followed by a single couplet. While Shakespeare often placed the sonnet's volta in the ninth line, the English sonnet is flexible about the volta's placement and the form doesn't require its placement in a specific line.
The English sonnet breaks down into three four-line stanzas, or quatrains, followed by a couplet. The rhyming scheme is generally: abab, cdcd, efef, gg .

2. Italian Sonnet: The Italian or Petrarchan sonnet is the original and least flexible of the various types. An Italian sonnet consists of two sections. The first part is an octave, or eight lines, with an "abba abba" rhyming pattern. The second part is a sestet, or six lines. The rhyming pattern for the sestet is somewhat more flexible, although

Related Documents