Like The Bering Land Bridge Essay

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Essay Answer for Question #1

Archaeologists set out to investigate the secrets of our past by examining the evolution of cultures that increase our knowledge and “understanding of formal and structural change in cultural systems” (Binford 425). To answer these antecedent questions, archaeologists must first sift through and analyze the important artifacts, ecofacts, and features that are found at their archeological sites., and find, categorize, and interpret the materials and findings at these sites.
To analyze the important artifacts, ecofacts, and features found at a site, an archaeologist must first examine, categorizes, and determine an item’s level of importance in facilitating the hypothesis and “completing the picture of past human
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This gave rise to the Coastal route theory to which Simon Fraser University Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology states, “The coastal route hypothesis is based on the idea that the first people to inhabit North America traveled by boat down the Pacific coast, living in areas of ice-free land, called refugia, along the way. They may have hunted some land animals, but they also would have fished and hunted sea mammal.” Those that believe in the Coastal migration route theory believe that the alternatively suggest ice-free corridor was closed during the time of proposed migration. This hypothesis is headlined by the archeological discoveries of the Port Eliza caves in Vancouver Island, British Columbia, where researchers believe “that raised sea caves can provide direct information that can be used to help solve questions of glacial history and past fauna and climate (Larsen et al., 268). The researchers found “2 m of laminated clay, representing deposition in a subglacial lake. From immediately below this clay a diverse vertebrate fauna of marmot, vole, marten, cervid and various species of birds and fish was recovered, yielding ages of 18–16 ka. The fish species indicate that relative sea level was close to the cave and that salmon runs were likely present” (Ward et al., 1383). They concluded, “These …show more content…
Supports of this hypothesis point to the archeological discovery of mammoth bone found in Florida with the engraving/art depiction of a mammoth. Scientists believe that “the engraving dates from 13,000 to 20,000 years ago”; and that “The object, found in Florida, strengthens the controversial theory that Europeans were the first inhabitants of the Americas” (Clark 3). Another archeological site of importance to Solutrean supporters is the Page-Ladson site also in Florida where a recent discovery of stone tools and mastodon bones that “Seventy-one radiocarbon ages show that ~14,550 calendar years ago (cal yr B.P.), people butchered or scavenged a mastodon next to a pond in a bedrock sinkhole within the Aucilla River” (Halligan 2). The site is important “because it shows that people were definitely here before Clovis, about 15,000 years before Clovis, and that people had to have come to the Americas by different route than we had accepted” (Halligan

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