Liberty University Bibl 323 John Module 5 Notes Essay

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The Proverb of a Shepherd (10:1–6)
“‘I tell you the truth, the man who does not enter the sheep pen by the gate, but climbs in by some other way, is a thief and a robber. The man who enters by the gate is the shepherd of his sheep. The watchman opens the gate for him, and the sheep listen to his voice. He calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. When he has brought out all his own, he goes on ahead of them, and his sheep follow him because they know his voice. But they will never follow a stranger; in fact, they will run away from him because they do not recognize a stranger’s voice’. Jesus used this figure of speech, but they did not understand what he was telling them.”


A man’s wealth was determined by
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Who – Christ.
Lead v. 3
Feed v. 9
Give life for sheep vs. 11, 15, 17
Relationship to sheep – owner.
Thief and robber
Who – Pharisees and “the Jews.”
Aim – Steal, kill v. 10
Relationship to sheep – rustlers.
Who – satan
Aim – destroy
Relationship to sheep – enemy.
Who – priests and/or Levites
Aim – self-interest/indifference toward sheep v. 13.
Relationship to sheep – legal guardian.
Jesus twice identifies Himself as the Good Shepherd vs. 11, 14.
Kalos – good – in classical Greek, this word was used to describe that which was beautiful, useful, auspicious, noble, wholesome, competent and morally good. Moral goodness.
It points the shepherd’s inherent goodness.
Four times Jesus speaks of laying down His life for His sheep vs. 11, 15,
17, 18.
Three pictures of Jesus.
Good shepherd – John 10:11 – death. Psalm 22
Great Shepherd – Heb. 13:20 – resurrection. Psalm 23
Chief Shepherd – 1 Peter 5:4 – second coming. Psalm 24
Twice Jesus used the word huper, on behalf of, describing the substitutional nature of His sacrificial death vs. 11, 15.
He was free from sin but became sin 2 Cor. 5:21 and
A sacrifice for sin.
It was a voluntary sacrifice. Jesus was in control. He had power –
Authority to lay down his life.
Other sheep – gentiles.
Other – alos – other of the same kind. Old Testament and New Testament believers. The response (10:19–21) “At these words the Jews were again

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