Lev Vygoskys Socialcultural Theory Essay

1994 Words Jun 5th, 2011 8 Pages
Lev Vygotsky’s Socialcultural Theory
Vicky Phillips
ECE 101

Lev Vygotsky’s Socialcultural Theory

Lev Vygotsky’s Cultural-Historical Theory is the idea that a child’s social environment was a major contributor to how each child developed. In my own experiences in the classroom I see how each child is an individual and how their development is a product of their environment. Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) is the concept that having assistance and guidance from others, children can learn tasks that is too difficult for them to do on their own. Scaffolding is an important part of ZPD; it is the support and guidance while learning a new task. Lev Vygotsky was born in Orsha, Belarus in 1986. In 1917 he graduated
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This helps the children build on their own strengths and become independent in their learning processes. Scaffolds can be provided in different ways: by an adult, by objects or experiences of a their culture, or by a child's past learning experiences. Preschool, Head Start, and kindergarden teachers all know the benefits of children’s play in the classroom. They agree that it is an important part of learning pre-academic skills and concepts through social experiences. Play begins gradually as a child grows. In early years children focus on objects when they play. An example would be a toddler rocking a baby repeatedly. As the child gets to preshool age he/she may call themself “mommy” or “daddy” and even use baby talk to the doll. The benefit of pretend play is seen when the child get older and has developed their social and self-regulated skills. Childhood professionals often disagree on how mature or immuture a child’s play is. Some think when a child is pretend playing below their age level they are immature. The real disagreement is what is considered mature play. In their research, Elena Bodrova and Deborah J. Leong consider play to be mature only when it has the following characteristics; imaginary play, multiple roles, clearly defined rules, flexible themes, language development, and length of play

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