KOLB’S LEARNING CYCLE
Reflective practice is important as it develops professionalism amongst lecturers in the sense that lecturers gain by learning from their experiences in teaching and facilitation of student learning (Harb and Ronald, 1992). The development of reflective learning simply means coming up with ways of reviewing individual teaching experiences such that it becomes a routine process. This area of experiential learning was further advanced by development of Experiential learning theory by Kolb. The theory provides a model that aids in building the routine process. The process is what is known as the learning cycle, The Kolb’s cycle or The Experiential learning cycle (Healey and Jenkins, 2000). Many people also regard it as
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This is regarded as common sense reflection and needs to be articulated in systematic ways so as to recall what had been thought about after undergoing a particular experience (Felder cited in Richard et al., 1996). However, reflection on its own is insufficient in promotion of both learning and professional developments. This is because teaching for ten years may be tantamount to teaching the same content using the same methods therefore hindering development unless personal reflections are acted upon. Abstract conceptualization is also important. This is concerned with drawing conclusions from learning experiences. This helps someone to know what to do differently the next time they encounter the problems (Harb and Ronald, 1992). Aside from experience, learning theory is important. Reflection acts as the middle ground that joins theory and analysis of past actions. Active experimentation simply means the act of putting in practice what has been learned. Abstract conceptualization marks the stage through which changes can be actively planned. After this phase, the cycle begins again as implementation of changes in the teaching practice generates another concrete experience followed by reflections. This is then followed by reviews that form the basis of conclusions regarding the changes and their effectiveness.
According to Felder (cited in Richard et al. 1996, p. 228), the cycle is important and addresses the fundamental questions