Keystone Pipeline Essay

2525 Words 11 Pages
Keystone Politics
By Garrett Kizior
History of the Keystone Pipeline
Canada’s Athabasca River Basin is the home of one of the world’s largest stockpile of fossil fuels; bitumen. Bitumen, which lies beneath prehistoric boreal forests and peat bogs, is composed of oil, sand, and clay, and is often compared to thick tar. Because of its composition, bitumen is commonly referred to as tar sands The only method to remove the tar sands from the ground is to first inject hot steam into the earth until the bitumen melts and then carry it to the surface with heavy machinery. Once above ground, converting bitumen to fuel can consume as much energy as it provides. Even though the costs involved in drilling the tar sands are high and the ultimate energy
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There are a number of issues with depending on other countries for our energy sources, especially countries that are not stable, including the Middle East, Latin America, and Russia. The most critical issue is whether those sources of energy are stable enough to meet our energy needs. If we can remove this dependence by securing a safer source of oil such as oil from Canada, our national security would be much safer. (“Reducing U.S. dependence on the most dangerous or unstable nations for nearly one-half of U.S. oil supplies is prudent and in our long-term strategic interests.”, Scherer, pg. 50) In order to secure enough oil from Canada without undue costs for transportation, the Keystone Pipeline was built. Overall, the project created a significant number of high paying construction jobs. And in order to significantly increase the economy, more high paying jobs must be created. Even after the construction of the Keystone Pipeline was finished, jobs would still be plentiful to maintain and repair the pipeline when needed. And those maintenance jobs would be long term jobs. But there were political controversies that followed this plan. The opponents of the Keystone Pipeline were vocal about not supporting the rosy predictions of increased national security and creation of jobs if the pipeline were to be built. These people strongly believed that even though jobs would be created to build the pipeline, the number of jobs created would not be as much as predicted and that most of the jobs would not be long term permanent jobs. (“Now we know the pipeline might generate about 3,900 temporary (two-year) construction jobs and about 50 permanent ones… the whole point of the pipeline is that it’s automated”, Garrett’s book sent via text, pg. 42) Once the pipeline was built, most of the jobs would be lost. The critics

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