Karl Marx 's Social Class Essay

1248 Words Sep 20th, 2016 5 Pages
1. Karl Marx explains social inequalities through a society being stratified along economic lines and social class being defined solely on economic position. According to Marx, a person’s economic position is their relationship to means of production, which defines social class. Based on an industrial society, he defined social class by two classes; the capitalist class (Bourgeoisie) and the working class (Proletariat). Marx felt strongly against capitalism and believed that everyone should have a communistic society, which would have no surpluses so only what is needed by the people would be produced. He felt that capitalism was harmful to every person part of the Proletariat, while the Bourgeoisie, the owners of means of production benefited extensively. In comparison, Max Weber did agree with Marx that stratification was a political reason, but saw social class being more malleable than just politically based. Weber introduced more clarity amongst social classes and displayed the stratification in everyday interactions. According to Weber, he defined class as being more of an individual’s strength in an economic market, which determine “life chances.” Weber mentioned two important class distinctions; those who own property and those who do not. But there can be distinctions within each category. For example, those who own or do not own property can build a strength within their own job or capital market. But those who are unskilled workers, fall in a separate category…

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