The Communist Manifesto By John Locke And Karl Marx

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Human reason can be simply defined as the ability of humans to make interpretations and judgments based on what they have learned and experienced throughout their lives. John Locke and Karl Marx both trust that humans are naturally good and are capable of making decisions and judgments on their own. John Locke expresses his ideas of human reason in his philosophical text Second Treatise of Government. Karl Marx explains his thought of human reason in his pamphlet The Communist Manifesto. Niccolo Machiavelli, on the other hand, disagrees with both Locke and Marx. Machiavelli does not put his trust in human reason. He believes that humans should be dominated by a single, powerful leader and explains how to become the aforementioned leader in …show more content…
He believes that communism would be the best system for achieving peace and prosperity among people. “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles” (Marx 9). The existence of different classes is viewed negatively by Marx. He believes that different classes is the reason for tension in a society. Marx mentions that the discovery of America is a big reason for the separation of classes (Marx 9). He does not like the idea of capitalism because people value profits instead of other people like the working class. The increased trade led to the strengthening of the bourgeoisie, or capitalists. Marx say that “The bourgeoisie has torn away from the family its sentimental veil, and has reduced family relation to a mere money relation” (Marx 11). Marx believes that the increase in trade has made the bourgeoisie class selfish. This is one of the reasons Marx has no faith in a capitalist society. He believes that the working class or proletariat needs to overthrow the bourgeoisie and that private property should be abolished (Marx 22-23). Abolishing private property would get rid of tension between classes. Owning private property is a capitalist idea therefore it needs to be abolished. Getting rid of private property gives more power to the working class and creates equality in the sense that no one individual is above one another. Also people would not be profiting off of private …show more content…
Locke and Marx believe that humans were naturally good. Machiavelli believes that humans were naturally evil. Locke argued that humans were born naturally free and equal and are able to make their own judgments. Furthermore, he expressed that everyone could own private property. Locke also claims that capitalism and democracy should be the systems that run a population. Also Locke stated that people could sell their property for profit unlike Marx. Marks argued that communism was best for people. He wants the state to own property instead of property being private. This would help people stay equal and it would get rid of the middle class. Machiavelli disagrees and promotes absolute monarchy as the best way to control a civilization. He states many ways to gain power like using violence, manipulating the people and setting up colonies for easier control over the people. These three philosophers have influenced many civilizations with their arguments. The ideas presented by them have had a great effect on the world we live in

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