Karl Marx And Durkheim Conflict Theory Essay
Taylor Wetherholt SO 350
December 10, 2014
Introduction This essay intends to compare and contrast the various beliefs of Marl Marx through a conflict perspective and Emile Durkheim’s functionalist perspective. It will comprise of a brief introduction of their lives and familiarize you with their accomplishments and major work contributions. Focusing majorly on both Marx and Durkheim’s views and ideas of Religion and the structure of modern society and the similarities and differences of both theorists.
Karl Marx One of the founders of economic history and sociology was born in 1818 in Trier, Prussia; on the border of France and Russia. He was the oldest boy to survive out of his family of nine. Both his mother and father were Jewish, and descendants of a long lineage of …show more content…
The conflict theory, or otherwise called perspective is based of the ideas of Karl Marx. He believed society was constantly changing and evolving, due to class conflict. Marx believed that society was broken down into a series of divisions, which he used to analyze what happened in modern society. You had the bourgeoisie, which consisted of the “handicrafts people and shopkeepers” (cite book) who owned their own tools and shops as well as staffed them. The working class was known as the proletariat and the poorest individuals, made up of degenerates and people living from “hand to mouth” made up the lumpenproletariat. Marx proposed that all these individuals were in constant competition of one another. According to the conflict theory, society is always in conflict over resources, such as goods and services, and that conflict drives change. While functionalism emphasizes stability, conflict emphasizes