Deviance And The Three Sociological Perspectives Essay

1105 Words Oct 15th, 2016 5 Pages
Deviance and the Three Sociology Perspectives
Despite the negative connotation that is usually bestowed upon the word, according to The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, deviance is defined as a behavior, trait, or belief that departs from a norm and generates a negative reaction in a particular group (Ferris and Stein 153). This could be anything talking to oneself in public or leading a civil rights movement like Martin Luther King Jr. to change the world forever. The three different sociological perspectives, symbolic interaction, functional analysis, and conflict can be applied to the idea of deviance. However, the three sociological perspectives are very different in the ways they approach deviance. Of the three, conflict is the best perspective in which to view deviance. Symbolic interactionism is the idea that interactions between people in society affect behavior. According to The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, interactionists who study symbolic interactionism, “consider the way that interpersonal relationships and everyday interactions shape definitions of deviance” (Ferris and Stein 158). For example, Edwin Sutherland approaches deviance through the differential association theory (Ferris and Stein 158). This is the idea that one learns deviant behavior through the interactions with those who commit deviant behavior. For example, children learn from the behaviors of the parents, including those that are deviant. Howard Becker proposes…

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