Joseph II, Graphics And Abolishment: Fill In The Blanks

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Week 5 Worksheet

As you read this week’s required materials, complete this worksheet. This is a multipage assignment; double-check that you completed each page before submitting.

Part I: Fill in the Blanks

Fill in the blanks to complete the following sentences.

Revolutionary France

a. Burdened by debt from the Seven Years’ War and French support for the American Revolution, King Louis XVI needed to raise taxes, so he agreed to convene the Estates General , which met in 1789 at Versailles. Led by the Third Estate —those outside the aristocracy or church—a new National Assembly was declared on June 17, 1789. Its members swore, in the Tennis Court Oath, to create a new constitution for France. b. Nervous about the new National Constituent Assembly, the king gathered troops near Versailles and Paris in early July of 1789. The citizens of Paris , anxious about the royal troops, formed a militia and, on July 14, 1789, stormed the fortress of the city, the fortress , earning a position in the French Revolution for working -class people.
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Joseph II was the son of and ruled alongside her between 1765 and 1780. He sought to expand imperial power and refused to be crowned king of , confiscating the Crown of Saint Stephen. b. Joseph II instituted broad social reforms, including the abolishment of the legal status of and gave peasants freedom to marry, engage in work, and have their children trained without the permission of their .

The Enlightenment in Britain

a. The Kingdom of Great Britain emerged as the preeminent colonial empire at the end of the , in which Robert Clive captured the city of and the rest of Bengal, and British troops seized Spanish and French colonies like Quebec, Manila, and islands in the Sea. b. ruled as the king of Great Britain from 1760 to 1820. His practice of taxation to pay for large standing armies was decried as tyranny by the Whigs known as the .

The United States of
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Whig-influenced resentment of the British and of King increased due to the collection of , Parliament’s decision to award the territory west of the Appalachian Mountains to , and the killing of five colonists in what was called the Boston . In 1774, Parliament passed laws that American colonists called the Acts, which restricted liberties that colonists had enjoyed and allowing troops to be housed in private homes. b. Citizens critical of Britain convened the First and Second Congresses in 1774 and 1775, seeking reconciliation with Britain and self-rule in the colonies. On July 4, 1776, they adopted the . c. The War of the American Revolution began with escalating violence between the British and the colonists, and it expanded in 1778 when Benjamin Franklin convinced the to help the colonies. Troops of the new United States, led by General , defeated the British forces of Lord Cornwallis in 1781, leading to the 1783 Treaty of , which concluded the war. d. In 1787, the United States of America held a Constitutional , and the new Constitution was adopted in 1788. Americans insisted on amending the Constitution with a specific Bill of , which guaranteed civil

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