John Locke 's Philosophy On Government And Human Life Essays

1322 Words Feb 23rd, 2016 6 Pages
Human life has long been shaped and susceptible to civil society. John Locke theorizes that man, by nature, is a social animal. Mankind is more apt to gain freedoms, identities, and interests through a civil society, rather than nature. However, another philosopher and writer believed differently; Thomas Hobbes was of the idea that man was not of a societal nature and that society could and would not exist except for the power of a state. Hobbes, in his writings, took on more of a philosophical absolutism approach for his theories on government and men, whereas Locke took a philosophical and biblical constitutionalism approach towards government and human life. Locke theorized that a civil society comes before the state, both morally and historically. He states that society establishes order and awards the state legitimacy. Hobbes, on the other hand, stated that a civil society is the application of force by the state to defend agreements and contracts, amongst other things. Hobbes thinks that civil society is an invention of the state. Locke considers the state of nature as a state of equality in which no one has influence or control over another human being, and all are free and have the ability to do as they want. However, Locke states that this liberty doesn’t give authority to abuse or harm others, and natural rights and laws exist even in the basic state of nature. Each person in a state of nature has the ability and right to execute natural laws, which are…

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