Jihad In The Unholy War

1367 Words 6 Pages
John L. Esposito is a professor of Religion and International Affairs and of Islamic studies at Georgetown University. A former graduate of Temple University with a PhD in Islamic studies. He previously has served as a past president of Middle East Studies Association of North America, and also American Council for the of Islamic Societies. He is an author of numerous other books that involve Islam. Unholy War was published in the wake of the September 11th attacks.
Unholy War begins by going into the making of a modern terrorist, as the first chapter is titled. The main focus is on Osama Bin Laden, and his road to being the number 1 sought after terrorist by the American government. Bin Laden was raised in a strict household and was shaped
…show more content…
If one were to ask several muslims what their definition of the meaning of jihad they might get multiple different responses. What one 's interpretation of the meaning of jihad seems to play the biggest issue faced today. The Quran and Sunnah as noted by Esposito, “provide a theology for peace, for living in a world of diverse nations and peoples. They also provide guidelines on how to fight the enemy as well as how to fight against corruption and oppression” (29). He later goes on and explains the problems in which how this is received by some by saying, “ As we shall see, the challenge in Islamic history has been to draw a careful line between self-defense and aggression, resistance and rebellion, reform and terrorism” (29). This is still a recurring issue in which Islam faces today. Many passages taken from the Quran have been taken and twisted into terrorists or extremists own ways, justifying their acts. Another prominent issue is seen with interpretations of martyrdom in the Quran. “Martyrs who sacrifice their lives to establish Islamic ideals or to defend those ideals hold a special place in Islam. The Quran has many passages that support the notion of martyrdom and that comfort those left behind.” (Esposito 33). This is what justifies the suicide bombers that have became a popular method with extremist muslims, and ideas such as this are ones that those in western society do not understand; how could one sacrifice himself to …show more content…
The memories of events dating back to the crusades are still remembered by muslims. Other significant events such as European colonialism, the formation of Israel as a country, the Cold War, and American neocolonialism are memories that fuel and ignite Muslim extremists; they think their acts are justified by these events. Westernization was seen as splitting the Muslim society. The weak and unstable governments of these newer middle eastern countries have also been seen a major benefactor in the formation of terrorist networks. Many of these new governments choose to go down a secular path, keeping government and religion separate, a western form of government. This led to many problems, as groups formed to place an Islamic State in power. Perhaps one of the most prominent events to spark distress was the Arab-Israeli War in which Israeli gained much land and power in a easy victory, but the occupation of Jerusalem, a holy city for Muslims made this a war with all of Islam. A long lasting conflict with the west dating back to the crusades, that has only expanded in recent history has led to the creation of the so called “Armies of God” we see in the past and current

Related Documents