Jazz Music: The Period Of The Harlem Renaissance

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After the post –Civil War Reconstruction period ended in 1876 and for much of the nineteenth century the black community was in constant migration. White supremacy was precedent across the South, intimidation, violence and lynching of black southerners were not uncommon practices. Segregationist policies known as Jim Crow became the law of the land. Southern blacks were forced to make their living working the land as part of the sharecropping system, which inevitably offered very little in the way of economic opportunities.
When World War 1 broke out in Europe in 1914, industrialized urban areas in the North, Midwest and West faced a shortage of industrial laborers and war production was pushed into high gear. Black newspapers such as the
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To millions of Americans, jazz was the most notable part of the Harlem Renaissance. Borrowing from blues, ragtime, and other popular forms, jazz musicians developed an ensemble style in which individual performers, keeping a rapid ragtime beat, improvised over and around a basic melodic line (Henretta 674). Such as all good music it has a way of bringing people together. Most of the early jazz musicians were black, but white performers, some of whom had more formal training, infused elements of European concert music.
Musicians began developing their own signature style, a cornetist and trumpeter named Louis Armstrong made a name for himself as one of the most influential artists in jazz history. Nicknamed “Satchmo”, “Pops”, and later “Ambassador Satch” Armstrong was an all-star virtuoso influencing numerous musicians with his gallant trumpet style and unique vocals. He displayed a charismatic stage presence that was noticed not only by the jazz world but by all popular music, earning him the reputation of a remarkable blues
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Phillip Randolph a widely known spokesman, and founder of a League against military segregation in the army said; “Justice is never given; it is exacted and the struggle must be continuous for freedom is never a final fact, but a continuing evolving process to higher and higher levels of human, social, economic, political and religious relationship." He championed for equality in the political arena. Other well-known activist like W.E.B. Dubois and Marcus Garvey made great strides for the movement. W.E.B. Dubois was a highly educated man graduating valedictorian in high school, he went on to earn a bachelor of arts from Fisk University and later attended Harvard University receiving a bachelor of arts. Dubois established the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), created to increase the rights of men, irrespective of color or race, it appealed for the highest ideals of American democracy. He also published a magazine called The Crisis, his articles spoke about things like Jim Crow Laws, lynching and other inequalities that African Americans faced at that time. He challenged the oppressions of society pushing for change in political and economic

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