Is The American Justice And Prison System Fair? Essay

1338 Words Dec 6th, 2016 6 Pages
Is the American Justice and Prison System fair? This question has caused controversy amongst many Americans. Every year, stories emerge that serve as a reminder that the American system of Justice, means injustice for many. “Unsettling research into the psychology of courtroom decisions has shown that our personal backgrounds, unconscious biases about race, gender, and appearance, and even the time of day play a more important role in outcomes than the actual law.” (Swanson, 2015)
“It’s a stark fact that the United States has less than 5 percent of the world’s population, yet we have almost 25 percent of the world’s total prison population. The numbers today are much higher than they were 30, 40 years ago despite the fact that crime is at historic lows.” (Clinton, 2015) Who is sent to prison and who walks free? A question that many would like to believe is properly answered by judges, jurors, and attorneys. But unfortunately, that is not the case. I will be elaborating on a specific case that will emphasize on how our justice system can truly be biased.
The criminal justice system is comprised of three major institutions which process a case from inception, through trial, to punishment. A case begins with law enforcement officials, who investigate a crime and gather the evidence to identify and use against the presumed perpetrator. The case continues with the court system, which weighs the evidence to determine if the defendant is guilty beyond reasonable doubt. If so the…

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