Influenced By Galton And Eysenck 's Theory Essay

1877 Words Sep 25th, 2016 8 Pages
Influenced by Galton and Eysenck’s (1869) work, early researchers defined leadership qualities as hereditary – as stable attributes that were present at birth. These leadership qualities are considered patterns of personal characteristics based on a range of heretibale characteristics that foster effective leadership across group and organizational situations (Zaccaro, 2007). In addition to this, early investigations conducted on leadership proclaimed that only a few people had leadership qualities, of which were believed to be innate (Denmark, 1993). Other early researchers focused solely on males and eliminated women from their studies, and theorized that women during those times were not perceived as leaders in any (Jogulu & Wood, 2006). Thus, other researchers based their propositions on these theories and focused on the traits or hereditary characteristics, which they believed distinguishes leaders from non-loeaders (Spotts, (1976); Bass (1990) and Ellis (1998)). Fleenor (2006) highlights how the trait theory focuses solely on the perspective of the individual leader. The trait theory explores that leaders do not acquire qualities, but are rather born with them. Subsequently, a list of traits that believe to be possessed by leaders was derived. This list included traits such as intelligence, self-confidence, need for achievement, the ability to have motives to carry out an action, and self-monitoring (Ellis, 1988; Fleenor, 2006). Moreover, these traits were thought to…

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