Infectious Diseases Case Study

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of key factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. From this list, three factors stand out as critically important due to their heightened potential … I will argue that climate and weather, lack of political will, and human demographics and behavior are the most critical factors in the emergence of infectious diseases in the modern day.

I. Climate and Weather
All life is impacted by short-term weather variations and long-term changes in climate. Climate and weather, thus, have the capacity for large-scale impact on the emergence and spread of infectious diseases. In one example, these elements directly affect human lifestyle and behaviors, like increasing time spent outdoors during long, hot summer days, thus, heightening their exposure to vector-borne diseases.

The climate and weather also dictate the availability of food and water in a given year, particularly in the developing world. For example, these elements determine the success and failure of crop yields each year, therefore determining whether certain populations will go hungry. Individuals without ample food often suffer malnutrition and become more susceptible to infectious diseases, as well as enable their emergence and spread. The
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But the reality is that individuals are born into communities, (unwavering) social network, and are instilled with traditions and beliefs that stay with them for a lifetime; thus, human behavior is not easily changed. The immoveable nature of human behavior was a large factor in both the emergence and spread of HIV. The emergence because in some cultures, humans share an intimate connection with the natural world, which eventually allowed for the crossover of the SIV to humans. The wildfire spread of HIV lies in…HIV is completely preventable but human behavior, and the difficulty of modifying these behaviors, has enabled its profound

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