India Case Study

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Background of India
India is located in South Asia. Capital of India is New Delhi. It is a low income, developing country. India has the world’s second largest population exceeded only by that of China. In 2000, India crossed the billion mark which tipped to be the planet’s most populous nation in the next couple of decades (Saris, 2001). It is also the 7th largest country by area. India population is now 1,236,344,631. Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism are four major world religions that were originated in India (2001). India also has some advantages. India is a unique country as it is easily accessible to other parts of Asia, Africa, Europe and Americas. It acts as a bridge head between developed and developing countries of the world
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Indonesia is one of the very few nations on earth to span such a broad spectrum of world history and human civilization. Indonesia is made up of 17,000 islands (Indonesia, 2002). The population of nearly 220 million people is derived from 300 ethnic groups who speak over 250 distinct languages. Muslim or Hindu, Buddhist or Christian, Indonesians are free to workshop their own faith, provided they adhere to the Pancasila creed, aimed at preserving harmony (2002). Indonesia has the world’s largest Muslim population. Nearly 90 percent of Indonesians are Muslim, with most of the remainder being Christian, primarily Protestant, or Buddhist. The native religion is Animism, believing in all living and nonliving things. Not to mention, the most important of the major religions is Islam, which was developed in Indonesia (Indonesia, …show more content…
The Indonesian nationalist forces declared Indonesian independence after almost 350 years of Dutch rule (Noone, 2011). In 1949, the United States ceased the transfer of Marshall Plan funds to the Netherlands, and the UN Security Council ordered the Dutch to withdraw from Indonesia and negotiate a settlement. Dutch influence crumbled on August 17 1950 (Noone, 2011). The new government of the Republic of Indonesia took charge. Government focus on diversifying away from oil exports and towards manufactured exports. According to Noone, trade barriers were reduced and the Indonesian economy became more globally integrated since the mid 1980s (2011). Indonesia GDP per capita is $10,200 and a GINI of 38.1 (CIA World Book, 2014). Indonesia has a larger resource sector than many other countries in the region including mining & utilities, output has accounted for around 12 per cent of GDP since the late 1980s (Noone,

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