Impulsivity And Mental Disorders ( Adhd ) Essay

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Impulsivity has been a focal construct in psychology, psychopathology and neuropsychology (Verdejo-Garcia, Lozano, Moya, Alcazar & Perez-Garcia, 2010), and by simple definition is behaviour that is “performed with little or inadequate forethought” (Evenden, 1999, as cited in Verdejo-Garcia et al., 2010, p. 70). Impulsivity appears in all “major models of personality” (Whiteside & Lynam, 2001, p. 669), and is common diagnostic criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association,1994, as cited in Verdejo-Garcia et al., 2010). High levels of impulsivity were found in psychiatric disorders such as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), substance abuse, dementia, mania, and bulimia nervosa (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association,1994, as cited in Whiteside & Lynam, 2001; Winstanley, Eagle & Robbins, 2006). These show that further research on this topic should be carried out due to its widespread implications. Impulsivity is conceptualized as differing traits that need to be deconstructed (Whiteside & Lynam, 2001), with a general agreement that it is a multidimensional personality construct (Arce & Santisteban, 2006; Evenden, 1999, as cited in Perales, Verdejo-Garcia, Moya, Lozano & Perez-Garcia, 2009). Thus, the formulation of a single definition for impulsivity that encompasses every perspective has been a challenge (Winstanley et al., 2006) and as a result, a varied range of self-report measures from each…

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