Wildlife Tourism Really Lead To Sustainability Or Is It Utopian Idea?

714 Words 3 Pages
Wildlife tourism is becoming more and more attractive recreational activity as a part of nature-based tourism. “The United Nations Environment Programme/Convention on Migratory Species (2006) claims that the demand for nature experiences is growing worldwide at a faster rate than tourism in general” (Susanna Curtin, 2010, p. 219). Therefore, there is strong necessity in wildlife tourism impact investigation. Does wildlife tourism actually lead to sustainability or is it utopian idea? In order to answer the question, firstly, the wildlife tourism and sustainability concept should be explained.
Wildlife tourism can be determined as an activity to view or encounter wildlife (Newsome, Dowling, and Moore, 2004) and to interact with animals, whether captivated or not.
Sustainable development is worldwide accepted concept, which defined as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (World
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Higham, 2008, p.80) For instance, it is said that consumptive tourism (i.e. hunting and fishing) has adversely affect, however, non-consumptive wildlife tourism can have negative impact too, such as increased mortality and reduced productivity (Tremblay, 2001). Though, Hodge (2002, p.40) noted: “There is scant scientific research into the direct impacts of tourism on wildlife”.
As it can be seen, there is no sufficient research regarding the wildlife tourism impact on wildlife. Hence, the lack of such research leads to unsufficient wildlife tourism management. The conclusion can be drawn, that the existing gap should be fulfilled in order to make the wildlife tourism management

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