Importance Of Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs

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Register to read the introduction… Effective teachers address diversity of students by creating and upholding a learning environment that is needs based, positive and inclusive for all students. When addressing student needs teachers can consider Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Maslow one of the most well known humanistic physiologist’s “Considered that people are motivated by their individual needs to address certain natural concerns” (Annick and Brennen, 2010). These concerns are ranked hierarchically based on importance. Each step in the hierarchy of needs needs to be met before a student can meet the next step. According to Maslow the low level needs are physical needs such as survival needs such as food and shelter and security and safety needs. Once these lower level needs have been met students are motivated to satisfy higher level needs such as social needs. These social needs include belongingness needs and esteem needs which include the desire to have a positive self-image and to receive recognition from others. Belongingness needs refer to a student’s desire to be accepted by their peers, teachers can help students feel accepted by recognition and approval. Once the social needs are satisfied individuals develop intellectual needs such as the need to know and understand. Higher than this in the hierarchy aesthetic appreciation needs and self actualisation which involves the development of full personal potential (Maslow, …show more content…
46) motivation is a critical factor which affects and directs human behaviour. As a consequence it is a fundamental factor for teachers to understand and to apply in their teaching. Teachers need to be aware that all students are motivated to want to learn in different ways, it is up to the teacher to plan how to best stimulate student motivation. When it comes to planning a lesson that motivates students to want to learn, teachers can adopt the “Five E’s” model. First teachers excite student’s motivation to secondly want to explore new areas of learning and develop their skills to thirdly explain what they are learning so they can elaborate on previous learning and make connections to future learning and lastly evaluation of the whole process is conducted (Whitton, Sinclair, Barker, Nanlohy and Nosworthy, as cited in Hurst 2009, P.70- 71). This idea of planning for a lesson is an effective teaching and learning method that can be used to arouse student motivation to want to

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