Victor Emmanuel's Influence On Italian Unification

Superior Essays
Many believe that Italy has not changed much in its history; it is a small country that has been exempt from many modern political affairs. However, a half-century long political and economic debacle known as “Risorgimento,” ‘The Resurgence,’ or simply the Italian Unification was one of the most important events in Italian history. It was successful in uniting the many independently controlled states into one unified kingdom known as Italy, and was influenced by many means including Camillo Benso, and Victor Emmanuel the Second. It took place for half a century from about 1815 to 1870 in the location of modern day Italy in the south of Europe. The Italian Unification was successful in creating a kingdom due to the influence of Camillo Benso, …show more content…
He was trained as a soldier and displayed that when conversing with people. A biographical account states that “His sense of responsibility and duty and his personal bravery helped him to overcome the many crises of his reign and to gain popularity among his people” (Noether 1). With this popularity and the resignation of his father, Victor was eventually crowned King of Sardinia in 1849. Three years later, he began to cooperate with Cavour when was promoted to Prime Minister of Sardinia by Victor’s own doing. E.P. Noether states that “Although Victor Emmanuel did not always agree with him, he recognized that Cavour 's plan helped to strengthen the monarchy and to transform Piedmont-Sardinia into a modern state” (Noether 5). Other revolutionaries like Giuseppe Mazzini were not as successful as Victor and Cavour because they had popularity throughout the states and they both came from respected, wealthy families. However, Mazzini had helped the French be on good terms with Sardinia, which Victor further increased. His main role in the Risorgimento was actually his connections with Pope Pius IX. Other close associates with Victor were not aware with his relationship, but Victor had it solely to persuade the Pope into giving over the Papal States to himself. Emmanuel even proposed that Pius could rule from inside the city. Despite his declination, Victor Emmanuel II eventually became …show more content…
The Crimean War was notably the most essential to the success of the Italian Unification partly due to Piedmont-Sardinia. Piedmont was a northwestern city-state located at the very top of pre-Italian territory, while Sardinia was an island located to the left of the mainland. In the Crimean War, Britain and France were already allied, prepared to fight against Russia. Piedmont-Sardinia later joined them in their cause, with the powerful influence of Cavour, and thus gained the respect of France and Britain. At a peace conference after the war, Cavour brought up the necessity of a unification of the Italian states. Despite both Britain and France agreeing, neither seemed very enthusiastic about helping Cavour. As a favor for helping France and Britain, France ultimately agreed to ally with Piedmont-Sardinia to take down Austria. However, the terms were that France would only assist if Piedmont-Sardinia engaged in battle first. So, the Sardinian army provoked Austria by moving military forces around their borders which, when failing to heed to Austrian orders, started the war. France was then reluctantly pulled in. This led to a conflict known as the Italian War of 1853, or the Franco-Austrian War. Inevitably, Austria lost to the forces of both France and Sardinia and was forced to give up some of

Related Documents

  • Great Essays

    Napoleon III who actually helped Italy in the unification, to restore his power in France after his unsuccessfulness. The tension between Austria and Piedmont was getting bigger. In 1859, Piedmont started to assemble an army where the prince of Austria took advantage of and declared the war on Piedmont. Napoleon III made peace with Austria which lead to the liberation of Piedmont. Also, Napoleon III aided Cavour in his battle against Austria and Piedmont.…

    • 904 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    As a result, Risorgimento started to develop. Risorgimento means the gradual process of revival of Italian Nationalism. The early revolts for the unification were continuous failures. Because of monarchies, like Habsburg in Austria, secret communities were formed. However, Austrian militaries had crushed them with…

    • 811 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Next by capturing Napoleon in Sudan leading the French to remove their troops from Rome in 1870. However, both countries had troubles related to Catholicism in constructing their new nation states. In Italy, the annexation of Papal land and church land lead the Pope to be an antagonist towards the unified Italy calling on all Catholics to neither vote for run for office under the new regime. While sending a clear message, this tactic meant that no group emerged to defend the Pope or Catholic interests on the Italian stage leaving them with very little influence. In contrast, German Catholics organized a centre party fearful of an emerging secularism in Germany and sought to protect the church while supporting worker reform to spread the message.…

    • 1317 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    These alliances included: the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy, and an alliance with Russia. The purpose of these alliances was to protect Germany from invasion or attack from either France or Russia. However, the alliance with Russia crumbled after Bismarck had influence from another power which invigorated Austrian aggression. So, in order for Germany to save itself from total attack, it had to end its membership in the Triple Entente. Germany backed up Austria in their attacked of revenge against Serbia for the assassination of Ferdinand, and in turn, declared war on France because they believed that France would support its Russian ally.…

    • 841 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Although compromise was reached with the annexation of Austria and the invasion of Czechoslovakia – Poland served as the last straw. The invasion of Poland was the moment when the issue became truly indivisible – Germany was not willing to settle with less than the country and Britain and France were not willing to let Germany seize more territory following the former appeasements. It was an indivisible issue, because unlike in Austria and Czechoslovakia – Britain and France could not allow Poland’s sovereignty to be lost. This was particularly exacerbated by the military pacts between Britain, France, and Poland requiring military aid sixteen days after an attack on Poland. This particular issue was no longer divisible if the Allies were to credibly uphold their reputations and maintain more advantageous alliances.…

    • 1643 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Due to the nationalistic pride of Austria-Hungary being affected, they desired revenge and started to gather their forces. Noticing the possibility of war, the Italian government, the British foreign minister and Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany urged Austria-Hungary to consider the option of negotiation but driven by nationalistic pride Austria-Hungary ignored these overtures. (Textbook,…

    • 1105 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Prince Mentschikoff threatened the Ottoman Empire and as a result the Czar of Russia was forced to back up his prince our else he would look weak. He also believes that the Czar Nicholas backed his prince because he already disliked Napoleon the Third and the war would give him a pretense to start a war with Napoleon using the Ottoman Empire. According to Rambaud, Czar Nicholas purposely sent Prince Mentschikoff when he did because both the French and English embassies didn’t have chiefs in Constantinople. The threat, which may or may not have been authorized by Czar Nicholas, was also accompanied by Russian troop deployments to the Russian- Ottoman boarder. Rambaud also states that the war had nothing to do with Russia making an attempt to grab the holy land for themselves.…

    • 2542 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The final stages of unification were small events. Garibaldi attempted several more times to take Rome but never succeeded to the relief of Victor Emmanuel II who knew that attempting to take Rome would lead to a war with France who would not let it go unnoticed. In 1866 Austria was swallowed up and defeated by Prussia in a vicious war the new unified state of Italy took no part in. This left Venetia in the hands of the new Italian state, only Rome remained. Then in 1870 Prussia defeated France and Rome fell to Italian hands, unifying…

    • 1914 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Mussolini's Fascist Regime

    • 1491 Words
    • 6 Pages

    However, it was not just the common Italian people who brought about the collapse of the regime but the conservative elite, who he himself appointed, who ultimately deposed him. It seems that, in that sense, Mussolini did fulfil his dream to emulate Caesar. Leading fascists such as Dino Grandi and Galeazzo Ciano had been planning to depose Mussolini since 1942, however it was the Allied invasion of Sicily that set it into motion, demonstrating the weakness of Italy and the fascist regime. Furthermore, it became apparent that the Allies would not negotiate peace with Mussolini as they regarded him as to impetuous to make any negotiations with and thus, for…

    • 1491 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Napoleon made peace with the Catholic Church because they used to be considered an enemy of the country because they assisted King Louis XVI in trying to stop the French Revolution. He also agreed with Pope Pius VII to make Catholicism the main religion of France once again. Although with this agreement the Catholic Church, it was said that the church would not regain ownership over the land that was seized during the French Revolution. Another reason Napoleon understood religion is how he used it to his advantage. Napoleon would associate location with religion.…

    • 844 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays