Importance Of Cross-Sectional Study

1034 Words null Page
1. a) A longitudinal study is a study approach where data of a person, or people, is gathered over a long period of time. For example, a Perry Preschool study (high/scope program) was conducted using the longitudinal approach. Researchers continuously added new information to their original files, using the original participants, for the length of 40 years.
A cross-sectional study is a research approach where participants of differing ages are observed and compared, at a single point in time. For example, the topic being studied could be the amount of daily exercise one performs, and the age groups could be: youth, middle aged, and the elderly. Researchers would conduct this study of all three age groups at the same time.
b) Longitudinal studies
…show more content…
The choice of study used in Vanderbilt’s article was a cross-sectional study. The reasons as for why they used this study may be because they were only interested in looking at a particular age group, children ages 3-5. If they were to do a longitudinal study, that would mean in 10 years’ time, for example, that they would be studying early teens, which would be straying away from the main research purpose. If repeated tests were done on these age groups, the majority of the results will be consistent to the original outcome, showing little to no signs of attrition. The use of the cross-sectional approach is also due to the reason that it can show the similarities and differences of the age groups during the …show more content…
Yes. Theory of mind can be fostered within children, however it takes time. In their early childhood, children begin to develop the skills to obtain theory of mind. However, this does not mean that they are able to fully take in this theory. As stated in Mercer’s claim 34, Michael was too young to be able to understand his grandmother’s complex perspective. In comparison, Michael’s views as a 4 year old is simpler. Theory of Mind is defined as the ability to apprehend one’s own mental states, as well as others, and to understand that others have different beliefs, desires, and perspectives. As mentioned in question 4, activities like role playing in the early stages of childhood and exposing children to new experiences, lays the foundation to the development of a child’s Theory of Mind. Their knowledge on this theory is not as abstract as an adult’s knowledge, however, children are able to display subtle signs of it. For example, when one child is crying from having their toy stolen, toddlers and preschoolers know to comfort the child by patting their heads or offering other toys. Having children slowly foster the concept of Theory of Mind is desirable because it allows them to see situations in different perspectives and it can ultimately be an advantage in the development of cognitive and social processing in ways such as: the development of empathy, problem solving, and communication, to name a

Related Documents