Implications Of Social Exclusion

2068 Words 9 Pages
This is 2014 and the social exclusion of the populace has intensified to such a degree that it can no longer be ignored. The aim of this essay is to therefore discuss the role of the social worker in tackling this growing issue in Wales. In order to come to a valid conclusion I will begin by looking into the definitions of some of the key terms used such as social exclusion, discrimination and oppression as these concepts are linked when discussing social exclusion. I will then move on to discuss the impact of social exclusion on the population of Wales. The last section of this essay will then concentrate on the role of social worker in tackling this growing issue. A social workers role in society is to empower and speak on behalf of the vulnerable. …show more content…
Social exclusion is a growing topic of debate and therefore, the term has many definitions depending on the personal opinions of the author. Bossert (2006, p.2) describes social exclusion as a term that “manifests itself in the persistent relative lack of an individual’s access to findings compared with other members of society.” He emphasises that social exclusion is based on the individual’s comparison of their situation to others in society, such as the luxuries they feel they need to possess in order to feel included. However, on the other hand Pierson (2010, p. 12) describes social exclusion as “a process overtime that deprives individuals and families, groups and neighbourhoods of the resources required for participation in the social, economic and political activity of society.” Pierson emphasises that social exclusion can affect anyone at any time. For example, those with a learning difficulty are generally excluded from voting since they do not understand the politics, and are therefore excluded from a social activity. However it can affect people differently by depriving them the ability to feel included in society through their social location and income. Therefore, social exclusion is not usually a choice but a consequence of the structures of society that deprives a group from participating in society and therefore has a close association with …show more content…
To define discrimination is to identify a difference, and that “difference is expressed in unfair treatment.” (Thompson, 2012, p. 6). Discrimination is therefore closely associated and often leads to oppression, as defined by Thompson (2001, p.34) as “hardship and injustice brought about by the dominance of one group over another … Oppression often involves disregarding the rights of an individual or group and it’s thus a denial of citizenship.” This can therefore lead to the individual or group feeling socially excluded. Social workers have to be familiar with the anti-oppressive practice as this can be an important tool in tackling social exclusion.
Social exclusion encompasses many different aspects including lack of availability of employment, transport, excluded from education and financial exclusion. Experiencing one of these elements can leave a person feeling isolated. This can have a considerable impact on the people who are struggling under the effects of some of the main causes. A 2009 report stated that “Ethnic minority groups, women, disabled people, children, young people and older people” experience social exclusion to a greater scale (EHRC, 2009,

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