Implications Of Social Exclusion
Social exclusion is a growing topic of debate and therefore, the term has many definitions depending on the personal opinions of the author. Bossert (2006, p.2) describes social exclusion as a term that “manifests itself in the persistent relative lack of an individual’s access to findings compared with other members of society.” He emphasises that social exclusion is based on the individual’s comparison of their situation to others in society, such as the luxuries they feel they need to possess in order to feel included. However, on the other hand Pierson (2010, p. 12) describes social exclusion as “a process overtime that deprives individuals and families, groups and neighbourhoods of the resources required for participation in the social, economic and political activity of society.” Pierson emphasises that social exclusion can affect anyone at any time. For example, those with a learning difficulty are generally excluded from voting since they do not understand the politics, and are therefore excluded from a social activity. However it can affect people differently by depriving them the ability to feel included in society through their social location and income. Therefore, social exclusion is not usually a choice but a consequence of the structures of society that deprives a group from participating in society and therefore has a close association with …show more content…
To define discrimination is to identify a difference, and that “difference is expressed in unfair treatment.” (Thompson, 2012, p. 6). Discrimination is therefore closely associated and often leads to oppression, as defined by Thompson (2001, p.34) as “hardship and injustice brought about by the dominance of one group over another … Oppression often involves disregarding the rights of an individual or group and it’s thus a denial of citizenship.” This can therefore lead to the individual or group feeling socially excluded. Social workers have to be familiar with the anti-oppressive practice as this can be an important tool in tackling social exclusion.
Social exclusion encompasses many different aspects including lack of availability of employment, transport, excluded from education and financial exclusion. Experiencing one of these elements can leave a person feeling isolated. This can have a considerable impact on the people who are struggling under the effects of some of the main causes. A 2009 report stated that “Ethnic minority groups, women, disabled people, children, young people and older people” experience social exclusion to a greater scale (EHRC, 2009,