Obese Patient Paper

1646 Words 7 Pages
Introduction
This paper will discuss the topic of obesity and its significant effect on our life, long-term health problems; it is psychological, financial cost on society and what needs to be done to confront, it is implications. Obesity is affected by four main components: lifestyle, fat storage, appetite, and hormones. An obese person’s lifestyle is mostly sedentary, lacking participation in physical activity and overeating unhealthy foods. When there are excess calories in the body, there is an increase in accumulation of fats (Pearson, 2015) Appetite is regulated by the hypothalamus and signals the body when to eat and when to stop. In an obese person, their appetite increases due to the regulation of excessive eating. Several
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The priority nursing diagnosis for an obese person is a risk for imbalanced nutrition related to psychosocial factors, socioeconomic status, or the food intake that is over the body needs (Matt Vera, 2014). First, formulate a nursing intervention by emphasizing the importance of avoiding fatty diets, high sodium, high cholesterol, and inadequate protein. Second, involve the client to create the eating plan based on the client’s height, body build, age, gender, and nutrition requirement. The nurse should encourage the client to do daily exercises to help with weight reduction. Patient education is a critical factor of obesity intervention due to Deficient knowledge related to misinterpretation of information or lack of interest in learning ( Matt Vera, 2014). The nurse should determine the level of nutritional knowledge and what client believes is a most urgent need. It is also important to assist the client in identifying individual holistic, long-term goals, controlling body weight, glucose levels and lowering blood pressure which changes an individual’s perspective regarding disturbed body image. The topic of obesity and its impact on a patient 's psychological, cultural and spiritual aspects of thinking needs to be taken into consideration when providing care while promoting open communication. Doing so increases the willingness to discuss and accept difficult issues and gain …show more content…
One of the most popular weight loss drug is Orlistat, which is also known as Xenical or Alli. Orlistat’s mechanism of action slows down the absorption of fats, calories, and vitamins, resulting in weight loss (Gibbons, 2013). Most individuals see significant results within the first six months of starting the drug, and the average weight loss is 5-10 pounds while some experience a greater weight loss. Orlistat has a common side effect of loose and oily stools, and there have been reports of rare cases of developing liver disease when taking this medication. It is important to keep in mind the need of having a discussion with a health care provider about possible risks and side effects of such as loss in vitamins, if taking blood thinning, diabetic or thyroid medications or if pregnant (Gibbons, 2013). Another FDA approved weight loss medication is Lorcaserin Hydrochloride (Belviq) or Qsymia, which is approved for individuals who have weight-related conditions such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and high cholesterol. Both medicines are recommended for people who have a body mass index of 30 or higher and works most successfully when taken with a balanced diet and exercise (Gibbons,

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