Impact Of Urbanization On Communicable Diseases

1686 Words 7 Pages
Globally there are so many communicable diseases. Some of these diseases are easily transmitted to people through the movement of urbanization. Urbanization is the movement of people from an area with little development, like villages to small or big cities with good development. This movement of people could lead to several communicable diseases especially in areas of large population. In this assignment, I am discussing the impacts of urbanization on communicable diseases. Urbanization can facilitate the spread of diseases such flu, cholera, malaria and many other diseases. It is important for environmental health practitioners to study urbanization and know how to prevent these diseases in future.
Key words: urbanization and communicable
…show more content…
The advantages of urbanization is that it is creating conditions for the transmission of diseases especially in places where many people are crowded. Urbanization is contributing to the transmission of diseases such cholera, typhoid fever, and diarrhea especially because it creates poor hygiene and lack of sanitation. Many people who live in one at the same time are also at the risk of transmitted to each other airborne diseases like tuberculosis and flu, especially because of poor ventilation. Therefore, I recommend that urbanization must be a controlled movement. Many people must be put together in squatter camps and high rise buildings where they can easily communicate these diseases to each other. Also, to avoid the spread of communicable diseases, good urbanization must also have good sanitation, hygiene and water because many communicable diseases are coming from …show more content…
Determinants of Urbanization. From (23-07-2017)
John Restakis (2006). Defining the Social Economy - The BC Context John Restakis. From:

Johnstone-Robertson et al., (2011). Tuberculosis in a South African prison – a transmission modelling analysis. SAMJ, Vol. 101, No. 11: 809-813.

Mara D, Lane J, Scott B, Trouba D. (2010). Sanitation and Health. PLoS Med 7(11): e1000363. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000363

Mathers C.D., Lopez A.D., Murray C.J.L .(2006). The burden of disease and mortality by condition: data, methods, and results for 2001. In: Lopez AD, Mathers CD, Ezzati M, Jamison DT, Murray CJL, eds. Global burden of disease and risk factors. New York: Oxford University Press. pp 45–240

Moonasar et al. 2016. Towards malaria elimination in the MOSASWA (Mozambique, South Africa and Swaziland) region. Malaria Journal 15: 419. 1-5.

Neiderud C. 2015. How urbanization affects the epidemiology of emerging infectious diseases. Infect Ecology Epidemiology; 5: 10.3402/iee.v5.27060.

Nhapi, I. 2009. The water situation in Harare, Zimbabwe: a policy and management problem. Butare: National University of

Related Documents