Impact Of Urbanization On Communicable Diseases

Brilliant Essays
Globally there are so many communicable diseases. Some of these diseases are easily transmitted to people through the movement of urbanization. Urbanization is the movement of people from an area with little development, like villages to small or big cities with good development. This movement of people could lead to several communicable diseases especially in areas of large population. In this assignment, I am discussing the impacts of urbanization on communicable diseases. Urbanization can facilitate the spread of diseases such flu, cholera, malaria and many other diseases. It is important for environmental health practitioners to study urbanization and know how to prevent these diseases in future.
Key words: urbanization and communicable
…show more content…
The advantages of urbanization is that it is creating conditions for the transmission of diseases especially in places where many people are crowded. Urbanization is contributing to the transmission of diseases such cholera, typhoid fever, and diarrhea especially because it creates poor hygiene and lack of sanitation. Many people who live in one at the same time are also at the risk of transmitted to each other airborne diseases like tuberculosis and flu, especially because of poor ventilation. Therefore, I recommend that urbanization must be a controlled movement. Many people must be put together in squatter camps and high rise buildings where they can easily communicate these diseases to each other. Also, to avoid the spread of communicable diseases, good urbanization must also have good sanitation, hygiene and water because many communicable diseases are coming from …show more content…
Determinants of Urbanization. From http://anettjohn.com/docs/ewp-355.pdf (23-07-2017)
John Restakis (2006). Defining the Social Economy - The BC Context John Restakis. From: http://www.msvu.ca/socialeconomyatlantic/pdfs/DefiningSocialEconomy_FnlJan1906.pdf.

Johnstone-Robertson et al., (2011). Tuberculosis in a South African prison – a transmission modelling analysis. SAMJ, Vol. 101, No. 11: 809-813.

Mara D, Lane J, Scott B, Trouba D. (2010). Sanitation and Health. PLoS Med 7(11): e1000363. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000363

Mathers C.D., Lopez A.D., Murray C.J.L .(2006). The burden of disease and mortality by condition: data, methods, and results for 2001. In: Lopez AD, Mathers CD, Ezzati M, Jamison DT, Murray CJL, eds. Global burden of disease and risk factors. New York: Oxford University Press. pp 45–240

Moonasar et al. 2016. Towards malaria elimination in the MOSASWA (Mozambique, South Africa and Swaziland) region. Malaria Journal 15: 419. 1-5.

Neiderud C. 2015. How urbanization affects the epidemiology of emerging infectious diseases. Infect Ecology Epidemiology; 5: 10.3402/iee.v5.27060.

Nhapi, I. 2009. The water situation in Harare, Zimbabwe: a policy and management problem. Butare: National University of

Related Documents

  • Brilliant Essays

    Measuring global health inequalities, International Journal for Equity in Health, 6(16) doi: 10.1186/1475-9276-6-1607 Selgelid, M.J. (2005). Ethics and infectious disease. Bioethics, 19 (3), 272-89. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=3&hid=11&sid=1ea9314a-8e10-49c3-bd8c-9ed76342cb54%40sessionmgr11 Soctheory, (2008, March 30). Symbolic interaction theory.…

    • 2158 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Brilliant Essays
  • Great Essays

    The arrival of the Plague. Translated by. A.W.Henschel 1841 in Rosemary Horrox (ed). The Black Death. New York: Manchester University, 1994 13.…

    • 2164 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    <http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/rwanda/genocide/index.html>. McDoom, Omar. "How did Rwanda’s genocide change our world?" African Arguments. Central Africa Forum, 2 Apr.…

    • 2793 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Philadelphia, PA, United States: Elsevier Health Sciences. Chopra, T., & Goldstein, E. J. C. (2015). Clostridium difficile infection in long-term care facilities: A call to action for Antimicrobial stewardship. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 60(suppl 2), S72–S76. doi:10.1093/cid/civ053 Gerding, D. N., Muto, C. A., & Owens, Jr., R. C. (2008).…

    • 1511 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Brilliant Essays

    Racism In Society

    • 3727 Words
    • 15 Pages

    Personality and Social Psychology Review, 14(1), 126-139. Jones, C. P. (2000). Levels of Racism: A Theoretic Framework and a Gardener’s Tale. American Journal of Public Health, 90(8), 1212–1215. Joyce, L. G. (2009).…

    • 3727 Words
    • 15 Pages
    Brilliant Essays
  • Great Essays

    Subway Case Study

    • 2671 Words
    • 11 Pages

    11, pp. 728-743 * Knights, D. & Willmott, H. (2009), Introducing organisational behaviour and management, (revised edition). South Western. * PRUS (2001), “Globalisation and poverty”, Poverty Research Unit – University of Sussex: (PRUS), No. 2, June.…

    • 2671 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    (2010). Knowing- Unique Ohio Department of Health HIV/AIDS Surveillance Program.- Plagiarized HIV and/or AIDS Reported in HIV Prevention Planning Allen.- Plagiarized Ratini, M. (2015, July 08). AIDS, HIV, and Pneumocystis- Unique U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2014, September- Plagiarized U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2015).…

    • 979 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    ASSIGNMENT ONE REFERENCE LIST,  Dr Jackson, 2009, Public health and fear of crime http://bjc.oxfordjournols.org/cgi/reprint/azp033.  John. J. Macionis & Ken Plummer, 2008. Sociology, a global introduction, 4th edition.  LOL news, 25 August 2008  Michele Dillon, 2014 Introduction to sociological theory, 2nd edition.…

    • 1266 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Brilliant Essays

    and Neumann, T. (1986) Smoking habits and disease patterns amongst hospital patients in north-east Nigeria. The Journal of tropical medicine and hygiene; 89(1): 37-41. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3746992 Naidoo, J. and Wills, J. (2000) Health promotion: foundations for practice . 3rd edition. United Kingdom: Baillière Tindall.…

    • 2846 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Brilliant Essays
  • Superior Essays

    1. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,custuid&custid=s8455861&db=funk&AN=SM129900&site=ehost-live&scope=site. Smith, David , and Lang Moore. “The SIR Model for Spread of Disease - The Differential Equation Model.” The SIR Model for Spread of Disease - The Differential Equation Model | Mathematical Association of America, Mathematical Association of America, Dec. 2004, www.maa.org/press/periodicals/loci/joma/the-sir-model-for-spread-of-disease-the-differential-equation-model.…

    • 1485 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays