Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) And Malaria Essay

1347 Words 6 Pages
Pathogens cause disease and can only survive if they continue to multiply and transfer to other organisms; pathogenicity’s purpose is transmission, this can be seen due to the many ways of transmission done various diseases. The transmission of disease can happen many ways, but is vital to the survival and the spread of the diseases. This can be seen in the transmission of Vibrio cholera, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and malaria. Without transmission a disease will not survive, it cannot continue to thrive without transfer to another host. Infections are dependent on their hosts, so therefore without the host the disease is destined to die, which is why successful infections do not immediately kill their host. Vibrio cholera, or cholera is a bacterium that causes acute diarrheal disease. There were approximately 1.3 to 4.0 million cases and between 21,000 and 143,000 deaths world wide due to cholera in 2015 (Ali M, Nelson AR, Lopz AL, Sack D, 2015). Cholera can take between 12 hours and 5 days for symptoms to show after contamination (Azman AS, Rudolph KE, Cummings DA, Lessler J, 2013). However, only two subgroups of cholera, O1 and O139, are disease causing (Azman AS, et al., 2013). Cholera has been a huge issue within society because it can be linked to inadequate access to clean water and sanitation facilities (World Health Organization, 2016). Cholera is able to survive in water due to the formation of biofilms; they act as a protective cocoon for the…

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