Summary: The Romance Of The Three Kingdoms

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There are many remarkable innovations in science and technologies that originated in the Han Dynasty (206 BCE- 220 CE). These includes innovations in Chinese medicine, many of which were credited as being invented by renowned physician, Hua Tuo (c. 110-208). But on the other side of the spectrum, there was also a number of weapons and technology originally used for the purpose of war, including one of the first accounts of chemical warfare in recorded history. Whether it was innovations in science and medicine or technology used in warfare, the Han Dynasty was a time of huge overall advances and progress in ancient Chinese history.
One of the most prominent figures from the Han Dynasty was the physician and surgeon Hua Tuo. Hua Tuo is credited
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Word of Hua Tuo’s achievements in science and medicine would go on to become popular theme in East Asian literature and art, particularly in Japan. Kuniyoshi, a disciple of the Utagawa school, and one of the most renowned Ukiyo-e printmakers during the time of the Edo period illustrates the scene of Hua Tuo treating the shoulder wound of the famous Han general Guan Yu while conscious- a popular scene in in Luo Guanzhong’s 1522 novel, ‘The Romance of the Three Kingdoms’. The novel is considered one of the classics in Chinese literature and chronicles the chaotic final years of the Han Dynasty. Even centuries after his death, the legacy of Hua Tuo and his contributions to science and medicine has cemented his mark throughout the …show more content…
Although, instead of a war, it was used to quash a peasant rebellion.

Fig. 3- A detail of a Chinese Eastern Han Dynasty (25–220 AD) on a tomb in Luoyang, China. The scene looks to depict some kind of battle between an army of soldiers on horseback while their opponents are on foot, which serves as an accurate depiction of how outmatched the peasants were to Yang Hsuans’ troops at the time of the uprising. In 178 CE, Emperor Ling ordered Imperial soldiers to a peasant uprising in Guiyang (modern day Hunan) Province. At this time, the Han Dynasty had began to crumble, and peasant rebellions were on the rise. Governor Yang Hsuan organized an army that used carts containing open barrels of lime powder, along with burning rags tied to horses that would charge and surround the peasants in the uprising. The lime powder created a thick cloud that surrounded the peasants and caused them to become blinded, disoriented by the smoke and suffocate. With the peasant army scattered and in chaos, Yang 's bowmen picked them off and crushed the

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